42 Ariz. L. Rev. 381 (2000)
Evaluating Market Transactions, Litigation, and Regulation as Tools for Implementing Environmental Restoration

handle is hein.journals/arz42 and id is 395 raw text is: 








     EVALUATING MARKET TRANSACTIONS,

   LITIGATION, AND REGULATION AS TOOLS

      FOR IMPLEMENTING ENVIRONMENTAL

                         RESTORATION



          Bonnie G. Colby* & Tamra Pearson d'Estr~e**





                           I. INTRODUCTION

        Restoration of degraded ecosystems and declining species is a complex
public process in which the interests of environmental organizations, irrigators,
logging companies, water utilities, Native American communities, and multiple
layers of public agencies often conflict. Once policymakers have consulted with
stakeholders, identified restoration goals, initiated scientific investigations, and
developed a restoration plan, on-the-ground implementation requires two types of
efforts: dedication of specific land and water resources to restoration, and changes
in land and water management practices to assist restoration. For instance,
restoration of an endangered fish species may require preventing development of a
streanside land corridor, seasonally altering stream flows to assist fish survival,




      *     Professor, University of Arizona, Department of Agricultural and Resource
Economics. Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1983. Dr. Colby is a natural resource
economist whose research and teaching focus on the economic implications of
environmental policy.
      **    Associate Professor, George Mason University's Institute for Conflict
Analysis and Resolution. Ph.D., Harvard University, 1990. Dr. d'Estrde is a social
psychologist whose research and teaching focus on multi-national, environmental and
intercultural conflicts.
    The research reported here was supported by a grant from the Udall Center for Studies
in Public Policy and by a Water and Watersheds grant from the National Science
Foundation/U.S. Environmental Protection Agency joint competitive grant program. The
Authors appreciate assistance on footnotes and citations provided by Patricia Orr and the
Arizona Law Review.

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