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5 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 237 (2014-2015)

handle is hein.journals/arijel5 and id is 1 raw text is: 










   THE FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF THE WILDERNESS ACT:
         THE NEXT CHAPTER IN WILDERNESS DESIGNATION,
                                             POLITICS, AND MANAGEMENT


                                                   Martin Nie* and Christopher Barns



         In commemorating the fiftieth anniversay of the Wilderness Act, we examine what might be the
 next chapter in wilderness poktics, designation, and management. In Parts I and II of the Article, we review
 the base of wlderness-eigible lands managed by the U.S. Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management.
 These two parts evaluate inventoried roadless areas, lands with wilderness characteristics, wilderness study
 areas, and recommended nilderness areas. These are the lands from which future nilderness and other
 protected land designations may come, and we anaylZe the interim management measures, planning processes,
 and poktics that determine whether or not these lands will be protected in the future. In Part III, we examine
 three interrelated factors that will largeyl shape future nilderness poitics: extreme political polarization, the
 use of collaboration, and increasing demands for the manipulation of wilderness areas. Congressional
 polarization may push wilderness poitics onto different poiticalpathways, including action y the executive
 branch aimed at protecting wilderness-ehgible lands. Outside of Congress, collaboration will also continue to
 shape nilderness poitics in the future, nith questions focused on the scope and degree of compromise in
 wilderness legislation. There will also be increasing demands to control and manpulate 1ilderness in the
future. These three factors nill compicate the poitics surrounding future nilderness designations and influence
how these lands are managed in the future. Yet de~pite these challenges, the reasons for adding to the
Wilderness Preservation System are stronger in 2014 than the were fi  years ago.












                Director, Bolle Center for People and Forests; Professor, Natural Resources Policy.
 University  of   Montana,    College   of   Forestry   and   Conservation.   Missoula,   MT.
 martin.nie@umontana.edu.
                 Wilderness   Specialist, Bureau of  Land   Management    National Landscape
 Conservation System, and BLM Representative, Arthur Carhart National Wilderness Training Center.
 cvbams@blm.gov. His contribution to this paper should not be taken as an official position of the
 Department of the Interior or BLM.

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