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2 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 1 (2011-2012)

handle is hein.journals/arijel2 and id is 1 raw text is: THE DEVOLUTION OF CONSERVATION:
Stefan Carpenter*
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
(CITES) seeks to conserve plant and animal species through the regulation of international trade. CITES
has traditionally encouraged its members to enforce its trade restrictions through the adoption of strict
legislation and the nationaliZation of lands for use as protected areas. This classical approach to
conservation, however, is ineffective in many developing countries, since they often lack the resources or political
will necessay to enforce these measures. Additionally, by removing local communities' ability to use, and
therefore benefit from, the protected ipecies, the classical approach can actually incentivi.Ze the communities to
undermine the developing countries' conservation efforts. This Article examines community-based natural
resource management as a means of avoiding many of the problems associated with classical conservation
efforts in developing countries. It analyes the CITES Parties' historical efusal to embrace a
community-based approach to conservation and contends that CITES must encourage such an approach in
order to ensure its future effectiveness and relevang.
*      J.D. & Certificate of Environmental Studies, University of Pennsylvania Law School.
The Author wishes to thank his wife and family for their support throughout the authorship process.
He also expresses his appreciation to all those who provided feedback on this article.

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