About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

2 Ariz. J. Envtl. L. & Pol'y 1 (2011-2012)

handle is hein.journals/arijel2 and id is 1 raw text is: THE DEVOLUTION OF CONSERVATION:
WHY CITES MUST EMBRACE COMMUNITY-BASED
RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Stefan Carpenter*
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
(CITES) seeks to conserve plant and animal species through the regulation of international trade. CITES
has traditionally encouraged its members to enforce its trade restrictions through the adoption of strict
legislation and the nationaliZation of lands for use as protected areas. This classical approach to
conservation, however, is ineffective in many developing countries, since they often lack the resources or political
will necessay to enforce these measures. Additionally, by removing local communities' ability to use, and
therefore benefit from, the protected ipecies, the classical approach can actually incentivi.Ze the communities to
undermine the developing countries' conservation efforts. This Article examines community-based natural
resource management as a means of avoiding many of the problems associated with classical conservation
efforts in developing countries. It analyes the CITES Parties' historical efusal to embrace a
community-based approach to conservation and contends that CITES must encourage such an approach in
order to ensure its future effectiveness and relevang.
*      J.D. & Certificate of Environmental Studies, University of Pennsylvania Law School.
The Author wishes to thank his wife and family for their support throughout the authorship process.
He also expresses his appreciation to all those who provided feedback on this article.

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing nearly 3,000 academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.



Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline with pricing starting as low as $29.95

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most