18 Asia Pac. J. Envtl. L. 91 (2016)
Climate Disasters and Cities: The Role of Local Government in Increasing Urban Resilience

handle is hein.journals/apjel18 and id is 93 raw text is: 








         Climate Disasters and Cities:

     The Role of Local Government in

          Increasing Urban Resilience



                      Jonathan Struggles*


                                 Abstract

       This article explores the important role that local government has in
       ensuring disaster risk reduction and increased resilience of cities in the
       face of climate disasters. It includes discussion of the interaction between
       local government and other levels of government (regional, national and
       international), as well as public and private actors. It also examines the
       links between disaster risk reduction and the wider goals of sustainability
       and climate change mitigation and adaptation. The article reviews the
       climate change plans of various cities. It concludes that local government
       is, of all levels of government, most closely connected to the problems
       climate disasters pose to cities and, therefore, it is local government that is
       best placed to take action to increase urban resilience to such disasters.
       Local government will, however, be most successful when it works with
       other levels of government, and both public and private actors. Further, it
       is critical that decisions made by   local government consider
       simultaneously the goals of sustainability and climate change mitigation
       and adaptation generally, alongside the issue of disaster risk reduction.

I Introduction
Local government has a key role to play in reducing the risks posed by climate
disasters to the world's cities. Extreme weather events are becoming more
frequent as a result of climate change, and correspondingly the risk of disaster in
urban areas from, for example, flooding or heat waves is increasing. As the
world becomes increasingly urbanised, the vulnerability of growing numbers of
people to the negative consequences of climate disasters will be determined, in
part, by the decisions made by local governments responsible for shaping the
cities in which they live. It is therefore critical that decisions made by local
government, and the consequential laws and regulations passed, not only
promote the goals of sustainability, and climate change mitigation and adaptation
generally, but also properly consider the issue of disaster risk reduction ('DRR').
In doing so urban resilience will be increased and opportunities will be realised


MEnvLaw (Syd).

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