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11 Appalachian Nat. Resources L.J. 1 (2017-2018)
The Dark Side of the Coal Industry on Seafood: What We Must Do Now

handle is hein.journals/anrlj11 and id is 7 raw text is: 




  THE   DARK SIDE OF THE COAL INDUSTRY ON SEAFOOD:
                     WHAT WE MUST DO NOW


                           Christian Nwaoparat



                           I.  INTRODUCTION

     Make   no  mistake! The   coal industry has powered   civilization for
many  years and  made  the Western  Hemisphere   an incubator  for modern
discoveries. Without  the coal industry, perhaps the American  renaissance
and scientific revolution would have been nonexistent. For over a hundred
years, coal has met almost  half of the increase in global energy.' Coal
has generated electricity, powered manufacturing  plants, fired the engines
of  transportation, such  as locomotives   and  ships, and  fueled  endless
achievements.  However,   there is also a dark side to the coal industry.
     Industrial coal-fired power  plants have caused  environmental  harm
with  their imprudent   and  avaricious actions. For  instance, the  1970s
ushered  in a  period of  reckless atmospheric  pollution when   industrial
smog  from  coal-fired power plants routinely and dangerously engulfed the
skies.2 During  the pre-smog   era in the 1960s, unregulated  activities by
power  plants caused disastrous ecological impacts and environmental  deg-


   *  Christian Nwaopara is an Attorney in New Jersey. He obtained his Juris Doctor
degree (with emphasis in Natural Resources Law) from the Appalachian School of Law in
Virginia. Prior to law school, Mr. Nwaopara worked in the IT industry designing
computer systems. He holds a Master of Science degree in Computer Science from
Marymount University in Virginia. In publishing this article, Mr. Nwaopara believes that it
can serve both as an informational literature to consumers and as a guide to legislators in
the promulgation of sound regulations for protection against mercury poisoning in seafood.
    1. World Energy Outlook 2011, IEA, https://www.iea.org/Textbase/npsum/
weo2011 sum.pdf.
   2. Denis Binder, Perspectives on Forty years of Environmental Law, 143(1)
GEOWASH. J. ENERGY & ENVTL. L. (2012); Bernard J. Nebel and Richard T.
Wright,  Environmental Science: The  Way  the World  Works  (2000), http://
www.pollutionissues.com/Fo-Hi/History.html#ixzz3Hfdu3feE. This event together with
the rise of smog in the 1970s, the Union Oil blowout in California, and the cataloging of
pre-smog environmental abasements by Rachel Carson in the landmark book - Silent
Spring - precipitated numerous environmental reforms, including the institutionalization of
the Environmental Protection Agency. See also Michael Rotman, Cuyahoga River Fire,
CLEVELAND HISTORICAL, http://clevelandhistorical.org/items/show/
63#.VI8lmO1MuM8 (last  visited January 1, 2015) (Cleveland became a symbol of
environmental degradation resulting in its mayor testifying before Congress for greater
regulation of pollution).


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