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6 Annals Brit. Legis. 25 (1860)
Law, Justice, and Crime

handle is hein.journals/annlsblg6 and id is 33 raw text is: 






CONVICT PRISONS.


                     No. CXV.-CONVICT   PRISONS.
Reports of the Directors of Convict Prisons on the Discipline and Manage-
  ment  of Pentonville, Millbank, and Parkhurst Prisons; and on Portland,
  Portsmouth,  Dartmoor,  Chatham, and  Brixton Prisons; with Fulham
  Refuge, and the Invalid Prison at Lewes.
  [Presented to both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty.]
  Pentonville.-On  the 1st January, 1857, there were remaining in con--
finement 558  prisoners; and during the year 1857  there were received
611 more, making  in all 1,169 prisoners received; the daily average num-
ber being 512, who have earned by their labour 4,0491. The total expense
of the prison, less the value of productive labour, amounted to 12,7431.
The  Rev. Mr. Kingsmill, the chaplain, reported that during the year there
was  a large number of educated men in the prison. He expressed himself
decidedly opposed to transportation, and contrasted favourably with it the
present home convict prisons. The medical  officer reported that the daily
average number  of sick was 18*31.
   Millbank.-On   the 1st January, 1857, there remained in confinement
 832 male  convicts; and during the year there were admitted 2,046 more,
 making  in all 3,102 prisoners admitted in the year; the daily average
 number being 1,109.  The  net cost of the prison was 33,6371. The reli-
 gious persuasion of the convicts admitted in 1857 was as follows:-1,924
 belonged to the Church  of England, 432  to the Church  of Rome,  135
 were Dissenters, and 6 Jews. The medical superintendent reported a good
 sanatory state among the prisoners, the number of infirmary sick being less
 than in the previous year.  There  was, however, a  long list of insane
 prisoners.
   Parkhurst.-On   the 1st January, 1857, there remained in prison 429
 boys; and during the year the number of boys admitted was 192; making
 a total of 621 admitted; the average number  daily being 431. The net
 cost of the prison was 11,2741. The prisoners were employed in the culti-
 vation of the prison farm by spade husbandry, including the care of the
 cattle, and other duties of the farmyard and homestead.
   Portland.-On   the 1st January, 1857, there remained  in confinement
 1,507 prisoners; and during the year there were admitted 863 more; making
 in all 2,370 prisoners. The prison expenditure amounted to 48,7821. 2s. 8d.
 The  total value of labour performed by all hands throughout the year
 amounted  to 41,8651., which, divided by 1,488, the average number  of
 prisoners, gave 281. 2s. 7d. as the rate per man. The chaplain reported
 that 30 prisoners, who had at different periods been discharged, have been
 employed  by the Messrs. - at the   - harbour works, and very satis-
 factory reports have been  obtained.   The  Discharged Prisoners' Aid
 Society have also assisted several prisoners discharged from Portland in
 obtaining employment.  Their published statement explains the objects they
 have in view as follows:-
      SERIES E.                    G  G                        [25]


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