29 Animals 1 (1896-1897)

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                                   A            to Ajimal The American Hum~ane dut    ce,


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                                       /QGLORY TO                                      .                         f


s PEACE ON EARTH, *
  -vKINDNESS,  JUSTICE
O AND MERCY TO
      EvEnY   LivING &
      A. CREATURE.


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                                             I would not enter on  my  list of friends,
                                             Though  graced  with polished manners   and fine sense,
                                             Yet wanting  sensibility, the man
                                             Who  needlessly sets foot upon a worm.-   COWPER.


Vol. 29.                                           Boston, June, 1896.                                                               No. 1.


            MISS   MARSHALL SAUNDERS,

Author  of Beautiful Joe, and  who  was led  to write that
book  by reading  one of our  American  Humane   Education
Society's copies of Black  Beauty,  and seeing  our prize
offers for other humane  stories.


         MALAGA, SPAIN.
HOW A MALAGA MANUFACTURER
    WAS   FOLLOWED TO His GRAVE
    LAST   YEAR   BY  ABOUT  30,000 OF
    HIs FELLOW CITIZENS.
OF  INTEREST TO EVERY AMERICAN
             CAPITALIST.
  Our  readers  will remember   that in
behalf  of  our   American Humane
Education  Society, we offered two $100
prizes for the best plans of settling the
difficulties between capital and labor,-
and  that  we  have  sent very  widely
over  our own  country and  the world,
the two  essays which  (out of  ninety-
five from writers in twenty-two states)
won  the prizes.
  One   of these  pamphlets   went   to
D.  N.  Burke,   Esq., United States
Consul  at Malaga, Spain, and  led him
to write us how the difficulty had been
solved in that city.
  Mr.  Burke's  letter being too  long
for our  columns,  we  sent  it to our
nearest neighbor,  The  Evening Tran-
script, in which it appeared Saturday,
May  2d.
  It seems that there were  two cotton
mills in Malaga, side by side.
  In  one  during some  40  years they
have  been troubled  with quarrels and
strikes. In the other, employing about
2000 operatives during about  40 years,
there  has been -only peace, harmony,
mutual  respect and kindness.
  We   will give  a few  quotations  to
show  how  this happened:
  In Malaga to-day exists a very striking and
practical working of what the law of kindness,
as applied by an employer to employees, has
effected.

  fHow during all these years, in which so
many changes have taken place, there has been
no strike, no grumbling, no unrest, no complaints,
no whisper of discontent? Have higher wages
been paid in this mill than in the other? No.
Have the hours of labor been fewer? No. Has
the work been less laborious or fatiguing than
in the other? No. Is there a different class of
persons employed in this mill than the other?
No. It is simply this: Senor Don Carlos Larios,


the owner of the mill and the employer of the
operatives, has applied the law of kindness to
his employees. As every one says, he treated
them well, he treated them kindly; he recog-
nized that his employees were flesh and blood,
as he was. He realized that when hurt they
felt the pain just as he would; when without
food they were hungry, just as he would be.
He, in fact, substituted the law of kindness for
the practice of greed. If an employee was sick, he
sent a doctor to look after him and paid for the
necessary medicines. In case the employee's
illness continued, he paid on recovery the wages
the person would have received had he or she
been at work during the time. In case of the
death of the employee, the wages went to the
family of the deceased, and besides, if the cir.
cumstances of the family were such as to require
it, he defrayed the expenses of burial. When his
operatives married he helped to  set them up 
in housekeeping by presenting to the married
couple several household articles which are in-
dispensable for those entering such a state.
Extraordinary diligence and care on the part
of the employee in his or her work, or greater
activity displayed by an operative, was duly
recompensed in some way at some time by the
proprietor of the mill; and every operative be-
ing aware of this sought to do his very best.


  The operatives had no labor organization.
They needed none. Through this law of kind-
ness the business of the mill was conducted.
Discord, dissatisfaction, discontent, unrest and
strikes were not on the programme of this mill.
They had no use for labor agitators. If an
operative had any ground of complaint he went
at once to Senor Larios.
   The two thousand employees loved Don
Carlos as they would a father; and if anyone
had spoken ill of him in the presence of any
employee, the employee would have resented it
as quickly as if the ill-spoken word were uttered
about the employee himself.
  He sought to follow the teachings of the
Divine Master in doing to others what he would
that they should do to him, and so when at the
age of 75 he went on the 21st of last January to
his God, his body was followed to the cemetery
by about 30,000 Malaga's citizens.
  We   wish  that  every  capitalist in
America   would  imitate his example.

                   GEO.  T. ANGELL.

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