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24 Animal L. 39 (2018)
From War Dogs to Service Dogs: The Retirement and Adoption of Military Working Dogs

handle is hein.journals/anim24 and id is 47 raw text is: 








           FROM WAR DOGS TO SERVICE DOGS:
           THE   RETIREMENT AND ADOPTION OF
                 MILITARY WORKING DOGS]

                                   By
                           Mackenzie   Landa*


       Military Working Dogs (MWD)  are canine service members that pro-
  vide safety, comfort, love, and sometimes their lives to their human team-
  mates.  Soldiers rely on these dogs for companionship,  support, and
  protection. However, handler dog teams are often separated when human
  soldiers return home from deployment. The dogs, classified as property by
  the Department  of Defense, remain overseas and work until they are no
  longer useful to the military. Once the military decides a MWD is unable to
  serve, the dog is often left abroad unless a handler or nonprofit organization
  can fund the dog's transport back to the United States.
       This separation is damaging to both human and canine. When human
  soldiers returning home from war are unable to remain with their MWD
  partner, it takes a toll on their health and emotional well-being. Moreover,
  leaving dogs overseas is an injustice to the dogs who involuntarily serve
  their country with bravery and loyalty.
       Although lawmakers  have achieved some legislative success to ensure
   that MWDs are no longer left behind and handlers are given the opportunity
   to adopt their dogs, there are gaps in the policy and there has been a signifi-
   cant failure to properly implement the legislation. This paper argues that it
   is necessary to amend military policy to ensure that dog and handler teams
   remain intact and each handler is given the opportunity to adopt his or her
   MWD.
      I. INTRODUCTION     ......................................... 40
         A . Satan ................................................ 40
         B. Leaving No Man  Behind  ............................   41
     II. A BRIEF  HISTORY   OF  DOGS  IN WAR   ................... 42

   1 To be clear, the author of this paper realizes the moral and ethical problems in
using nonhuman animals who are unable to consent to participating in warfare for
labor in military operations and does not consent to their exploitation for this purpose.
However, that debate goes beyond the scope of this paper. This paper merely addresses
the ethical implications of the way the Department of Defense manages the retirement
of Military Working Dogs.
   * @ Mackenzie Lee Landa is a congressional staffer where she focuses on animal
welfare, wildlife conservation, environmental, and energy issues. Ms. Landa formerly
served as a criminal prosecutor and previously worked with organizations such as the
Foundation to Support Animal Protection, Earthjustice, and Meyer Glitzenstein & Eu-
banks. She holds a B.A. in Philosophy and Political Science from Emory University; a
J.D. from Florida State University College of Law; and an LL.M. in Environmental Law
from Vermont Law School.


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