29 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 1235 (1991-1992)
Sentencing Environmental Crimes

handle is hein.journals/amcrimlr29 and id is 1249 raw text is: SENTENCING ENVIRONMENTAL CRIMES

Gary S. Lincenbergt
I. DEVELOPING THE ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES ........... 1237
A. Enhancing Criminal Penalties under the Substantive
Environm ental  Laws  .............................  1237
B,  Developing the Environmental Sentencing Guidelines . 1238
1.  For  individual defendants  ....................  1238
2.  For  corporate  defendants .....................  1239
II. APPLYING THE GUIDELINES ............................... 1240
A.  Individual Defendants  ............................  1240
1.   Chapter Two: Offense Conduct ................ 1240
a.  Base  Offense  Level ......................  1241
b.  Specific Offense Characteristics ........... 1241
1)  Subsection (b)(1): Discharge and Actual
Contam ination  .....................  1241
2)  Subsection (b)(2): Death or Serious
Bodily  Injury  ......................  1244
3)   Subsection (b)(3): Disruption, Evacua-
tion, or  Clean-Up  ...................  1244
4)   Subsection (b)(4): Lack of a Permit... 1246
5)   Subsection (b)(5): Concealment ....... 1248
6)   Subsection (b)(6): Simple Violation ... 1248
2.   Chapter Three: Adjustments .................. 1249
a.  Vulnerable  Victims  ....... ..............  1249
b.  Role  in  the  Offense  .....................  1249
c.  Abuse of Position of Trust or Use of Special
S k ill  . .. . .. . ... .. . .... .. ... .. . .. .. . . . .  12 5 1
d.  Obstruction  of  Justice  ...................  1251
e.  M ultiple  Counts  ........................  1252
3.   Chapter Five: Computing and Departing from the
Sentencing  Range  ...........................  1252
4.   Restitution and Fines for Individual Defendants  1253
1. The author is a deputy chief in the Criminal Division of the United States Attorney's Office for
the Central District of California in Los Angeles. The author gratefully acknowledges the assistance of
fellow Assistant U.S. Attorney Adam Schiff and Raymond W. Mushal, a Senior Counsel in the Envi-
ronmental Crimes Section of the Department of Justice. The views expressed in this article are solely
those of the author, and they are not necessarily those of the Department of Justice.

1235

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