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36 Alaska Just. F. 1 (2019)

handle is hein.journals/aljufor36 and id is 1 raw text is: 















Study examines sexual assault survivor experiences


Ingrid D. Johnson, Randi Breager,
and Katherine H. TePas

Questions of justice
  What  is justice? Whether posed in the
classroom, workplace  or community,  this
question elicits numerous responses. Does
justice mean holding an offender account-
able for their actions? Does it mean punish-
ing the offender, regardless of accountabil-
ity? Ensuring a fair trial, where a defendant
is presumed  innocent until proven guilty
beyond a reasonable doubt? Is justice proce-
dural, where fair and respectful treatment is
an outcome  in itself? Is it all, many, or none


of the above? If jus-
tice is multifaceted,
are certain forms of
justice more impor-
tant, and   should
they be prioritized
over others?
  Although   these
questions make for
lively  theoretical
discussions,  they
also have practical
implications.
  Two  overlapping
functions of state-
sanctioned criminal Image credit: Nick Foote/Shu
justice systems are to deter crime and to ac-
knowledge  and reaffirm the legal values of
society (Gottfredson & Gottfredson, 1988).
However, victimization surveys have consis-
tently found that rates of reporting crimes
to the criminal justice system are low, with
the 2017 National Crime Victimization Sur-
vey (NCVS) finding that only about half of
victimization experiences were reported to


utterstock.com


police (Morgan & Truman, 2018). When our
criminal justice system only hasthe possibility
of meting out justice for half of crimes com-
mitted, its ability to deter crime and enforce
values is called into question (Gottfredson &
Gottfredson, 1988). It is therefore worth ask-
ing: What is justice for victims of crime, and


Please see SAKI, page 7

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