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17 Alaska Just. F. 1 (2000-2001)

handle is hein.journals/aljufor17 and id is 1 raw text is: ALASKA JUSTICE FORUM
A Publication of the                                                                                         Alaska Justice
Justice Center                                                                                        Statistical Analysis Unit
Spring 2000                            UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA ANCHORAGE                                       Vol. 17, No. 1
Drug Use Among Arrestees in Anchorage
Cassie Atwell and Matthew Giblin         have implications for both national and lo-
A survey of 718 male and female        cal research and policymaking. On a na-    An earlier Forum article, o   Natioal
arrestees in 1999 has revealed that cocaine  tional level, the data provide a national  Drug Strategyh Escalatiol, of th War o
and marijuana are the drugs used most of-  picture of drug use and abuse among a popu- available online at the Justice Center Web
ten by those arrested in the Anchorage area.  lation that is difficult to reach from other  Site.
The group was studied by the Justice Cen-  drug use data collection programs (e.g.,
ter as part of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Moni-  National Household Survey on Drug          http://www.uaa.alaska.edu/just/
toring (ADAM) project, a national research  Abuse). In addition, data are used to ana-
initiative undertaken by the National Insti-  lyze the relationship between drugs and  week period in both Anchorage booking
tute of Justice (NIJ). The program, origi-  crime. On a local level, the data provide  facilities, Cook Inlet Pretrial and Sixth Av-
nally established in 1987 as the Drug Use  local policymakers, law enforcement offi-  enue Correctional Center. The Justice
Forecasting Program (DUF) and subse-     cials, and treatment professionals with a  Center and the Alaska Department of Cor-
quently redesigned and renamed in 1997,  valuable resource from which to identify  rections have worked together to administer
operates in thirty-five sites across the coun-  local drug trends, evaluate existing treatment  a secure confidential collection procedure.
try. Its purpose is to generate extensive and  programs and ascertain the need for addi-  The only criteria for inclusion in the study
timely data on drug use among the arrestee  tional or improved programs, advise local  are that inmates must not have been in cus-
population.                              law enforcement personnel, and assist in  tody for more than forty-eight hours and that
The drug use data obtained from ADAM   formulating better policy decisions.     they must not be federal prisoners, Immi-
gration and Naturalization Service detainees,
HIGHLIGHTS                   Methodology                               or transfers from another facility. Once
INSIDE THIS ISSUE                                                         identified as eligible, the inmate is asked to
Data collection, using a uniform proto-  participate in a two-pronged study protocol.
* Measuring the drug problem (page 2).  col, takes place in thirty-five sites across  The first part is an interview with a profes-
* Drug control in the national budget (page  the country. The uniform protocol enhances  sionally trained interviewer. The main
3).                                   the validity of program findings while also  content of the interview focuses on current
* Drug cases in federal and Alaska courts  helping to make findings comparable across  and prior drug use, and additional questions
(page 4).                              ADAM sites.                              deal with criminal histories, drug treatment,
* Drug treatment in Alaska prisons (page 5).  Four times a year (once every quarter)
* Incarceration for drug offenses (page 6).  the Justice Center collects data for a two-  Please see Anchorage Arrestees, page 7
Table 1. Percentage of Arrestees Found Positive for Drugs, by Sex, Age, and Race, Anchorage, 1999
Total                                                               Metham-
samDle (N)     Any drug       Cocaine      Mariiuana      Oviates    Dhetamine      PCP       Multivle drugs
Male Female   Male  Female  Male Female   Male  Female  Male Female  Male Female  Male Female  Male Female
Per cent Dositive  563  155  53.8 0/  56.1%0  25.6  0/ 36.1%0  37.5 0/  31.0 0/  3.0 0/  1.9 0/  0.5 0/  0.0 0/  0.0 0/  0.0 0/  12.1%0  12.9 0/
By age
15-20  51   19     66.70/  52.6  0/  13.70/  21.1  0/  60.8  0/  36.8  0/  0.0  0/  5.3 0/  0.0  0/  0.00/  0.0  0/  0.0  0/  7.8  0/  10.5  0/
21-25  95   28     57.9   60.7   18.9  21.4   55.8    50.0   3.2   0.0    1.1   0.0    0.0   0.0   18.9   10.7
26-30  87   22     55.2   40.9   27.6  31.8   42.5    13.6   0.0   0.0    0.0   0.0    0.0   0.0   14.9    4.5
31-35  97   28     56.7   71.4   35.1  53.6   27.8    39.3   5.2   0.0    1.0   0.0    0.0   0.0   10.3   21.4
35±  233   57     47.6   52.6   26.2  40.4    27.0   21.1   3.9   3.5    0.4   0.0    0.0   0.0     9.9  12.3
By race
White  288  70     57.3 0/  58.6 0/  27.1%0  47.1%0  39.6  0/  27.1%0  4.2 0/  1.4 0/  1.0 0/  0.0 0/  0.0 0/  0.0 0/  13.5 0/  17.1%0
American Indian!
AakNaie144     63       ..     .    11 .8  15.9  32.6   33.3    1 .4  3.2    0.0   0.0   0.0   0.0

Black   92    17     67.4     82.4    45.7   64.7    35.9     29.4    1.1    0.0     0.0    0.0     0.0    0.0     15.2   11.8
Hispanic  23      1     52.2   100.0     13.0    0.0    47.8    100.0    8.7    0.0     0.0    0.0     0.0    0.0     13.0    0.0
Asian   13     4        ..       ..   30.8   50.0     38.5    50.0    0.0     0.0     0.0   0.0     0.0    0.0       ..      ..
Other    2     0                       0.0      --     0.0      --     0.0     --     0.0     --    0.0      ..       .
Source of data: Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program, National Institute of lustice

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