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46 Alta. L. Rev. 1115 (2008-2009)
Peer Producing Human Rights

handle is hein.journals/alblr46 and id is 1123 raw text is: PEER PRODUCING HUMAN RIGHTS                1115

PEER PRODUCING HUMAN RIGHTS
MOLLY BEUTZ LAND*

The growth of collaborative technologies has
spurredthe development ofprojects such as Wikipedia,
in which large groups of volunteers contribute to
production in a decentralized and open format. The
author analyzes how these methods of peer-based
production can be applied to advance international
human rights as well as the limitations ofsuch a model
in this field. An underlying  characteristic of
peer-based  production, amateurism, increases
capacity and participation. However, the involvement
of ordinary individuals in the production of human
rights reporting is also its greatest disadvantage, since
human rights reports generated by citizen activists are
less likely to be perceived as accurate, thereby
detracting from the effectiveness of those reports. The
author  examines   methods   by  which   these
disadvantages might be overcome and concludes by
advocating for a collaborative approach, whereby
peer-based production is augmented by training and
certification by local professionals.

La croissance des technologies collaboratives a
eperonng le d~veloppement de projets tel que
Wikipedia, oi de grands groupes de b~nivoles
contribuent 6 la production d'un format decentralise
et ouvert. L 'auteur analyse comment ces mithodes de
production d'dgal bi  gal peuvent s appliquer aux
droits internationaux de la personne ainsi que les
limites qu 'un tel modele presentent dans ce domaine.
L 'amateurisme est une caract~ristiquefondamentale
de la production d' gal 6  gal et en augmente la
capacitM  et la participation. Cependant, la
participation de personnes ordinaires 6 la production
de rapports sur les droits de la personne en constitue
galement leplus grand inconvgnient, tant donnd que
les rapports sur les droits de la personne qui sont
produits par des    citoyens  activistes seront
probablement moins perus comme tant prdcis,
diminuant par consdquent 'efficacit6 de ces mdmes
rapports. L auteur examine les mdthodes pouvant
gventuellementpallier ces inconvdnients, et conclut en
prdconisant une approche collaborative oh ily aurait
plus deproduction d'dgal di dgalgrdce d la formation
et homologation de professionnels locaux.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
I.  INTRODUCTION  ............................................  1116
II.  CONTROL VERSUS PARTICIPATION  ............................. 1117
A. HUMAN RIGHTS FACT-FINDING ............................. 1118
B. BENEFITS OF PARTICIPATION ............................... 1120
111. CHALLENGES OF AMATEUR PRODUCTION ......................... 1123
A. HUMAN RIGHTS ON WIKIPEDIA ............................. 1123
B. THE CHALLENGES OF PEER-PRODUCED HUMAN RIGHTS ........ 1126
IV. MODELS OF COLLABORATIVE PRODUCTION ........................ 1129
A. SECONDARY INFORMATION ................................ 1130
B.  PRIMARY  INFORMATION  ................................  1131
C. COMMUNITY-BASED COLLABORATIVE REPORTING ............. 1135
V .  CONCLUSION  .............................................  1138
Associate Professor of Law, New York Law School. My thanks to Elizabeth Chambliss, Bruce Elman,
Dan Hunter, David Johnson, Patrick Meier, Frank Munger, Beth Noveck, and the participants at the Four
Societies Colloquium on International Law and Democratic Theory and the Southeastern Association
of Law Schools Annual Meeting for invaluable feedback. Nicole Kennedy provided excellent research
assistance.

PEER PRODUCING HUMAN RIGHTS

1115

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