48 Acta Jur. Hng. 1 (2007)

handle is hein.journals/ajur48 and id is 1 raw text is: 











1216-2574 / USD 20.00                             ACTA JURIDICA HUNGARICA
@ 2007 Akadimiai Kiad6, Budapest                      48, No 1, pp. 1-4 (2007)
                                                 DOI: 10.1556/AJur.47.2007.1.1




                            VILMOS  PESCHKA
                               (1929-2006)



Professor Vilmos  Peschka, editor-in-chief of this review, member  of the
Hungarian Academy   of Sciences passed away on 25 July 2006 at the age of 77.
He  departed this life as a prominent scholar on legal philosophy during the
period following the Second World War in Hungary.
   Vilmos  Peschka was born at Budapest on 17 December 1929. He graduated
from the Law Faculty of Ebtvbs Lorind University (Budapest), where he obtained
a diploma  summa  cum  laude in 1954. Between  1954 and  1957 he pursued
postgraduate studies in legal philosophy. From 1 September 1957 he was  a
research fellow at the Institute for Legal Studies of the Hungarian Academy of
Sciences up to his retirement in 1999.
   Through  little short of three decades from 1960 he was teaching civil law at
the University of Budapest.
   In January 1958 he  defended his candidate's thesis (PhD) entitled Basic
Questions of the Theory of Legal Relations (A jogviszonyelmdlet alapvet6
k6rd6sei) and published by Kbzgazdasigi  6s Jogi Kbnyvkiad6  in 1960. His
second thesis in Sources of Law and Legislation (Jogforris 6s jogalkotis) he
submitted in 1968. He had not yet completed his 50th year when in 1976 he
vas elected an associate member of the Hungarian Academy   of Sciences, in
1982 he became  a full member of the Academy.
   Professor Peschka was  the most outstanding Hungarian  scholar of legal
philosophy in the last third of the 20th century, one whose work was a worthy
continuation of the activities of three Hungarian Neo-Kantian philosophers of
law-Felix Soml6, Gyula Mo6r  and Barna Horvith-, who had deserved recogni-
tion even abroad in the first part of the last century. Professor Peschka's first
greater works, his thesis in the theory of legal relations, had shown his greatest
assets, primarily his ability to treat fundamental questions of legal philosophy
in such a way  as to enable both practicing lawyers and scholars to read his
writings with pleasure and benefit. As far back as his early works he had
broken with an even levelled criticism at socialist normativism. The fact that
he had argued for recognizing the law-making function of the judiciary was

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