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14 Am. J. Police 123 (1995)
The County Sheriff as a Distinctive Policing Modality

handle is hein.journals/ajpol14 and id is 467 raw text is: American Journal of Police, Vol. XII, No. 3/4 1995

David N. Falcone
L. Edward Wells
Illinois State University
In many ways, discussion of policing is generally approached as
all of one cloth, despite significant variations in the types and locations
of agencies where it is carried out. Distinctions are sometimes noted
between public and private policing, and between federal, state and local
policing. However, a general proposition seems to be that:
at its core, policing is policing, in whatever agency or location it
exists; and
the prototype for this activity is the modern city police
James Q. Wilson's (1968) typology of police departments is well
known, but deals entirely with variations among urban municipal police
agencies. A perusal of contemporary textbooks on policing (e.g. Berg,
1992; Roberg and Kuykendall, 1990; Schultz and Beckman, 1992;
Walker, 1992) documents the ubiquitous presence of the urban municipal
policing orientation.' It seems that little systematic attention, in either
scholarly research or textbooks, has been given to the difference between
county and municipal modes of policing. Rather, the central tendency is
to consider policing types largely as variations on the same basic process
(urban municipal policing), only incidentally noting the variations in
other settings and contexts.

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