109 Am. J. Int'l L. [i] (2015)

handle is hein.journals/ajil109 and id is 1 raw text is: 








                  AMERICAN JOURNAL


                                         OF

                 INTERNATI ONAL LAW

VOL. 109                              January 2015                                 NO. 1

                                      CONTENTS                                      PAGE

Three Pathways to Global Standards: Private, Regulator, and Ministry Networks
                                                                  Stavros Gadinis       I
      Transnational regulatory networks include those formed by private actors, such
      as the International Accounting Standards Board, those that bring together
      national (often independent) regulators, such as the International Organization
      of Securities Commissions, and those that rely on ministry executives, such as the
      Financial Action Task Force. As these different actors have distinct lawmaking
      capacities and constraints in their domestic jurisdictions, they structure their
      networks' governance and operation accordingly. Each network's standards con-
      sequently appeal to different countries for different reasons. Case studies from
      international finance illustrate the three network types, and quantitative evi-
      dence from 191 countries over twenty years shows distinct patterns of spread.

In Memoriam
  Andreas (Andy) Lowenfeld (1930-2014)                   Lord Collins ofMapesbury      58
Current Developments
  Annexation of Crimea                                          Thomas D. Grant       68
  The Chapeau of the General Exceptions in the WTO GATT and GATS
    Agreements: A Reconstruction                                   LorandBartels      95
  The Expulsion of Aliens (Revisited) and Other Topics: The Sixty-Sixth Session of the
    International Law Commission                                 Sean D. Murphy       125
International Decisions                                 Edited by David P. Stewart
  Bay of Bengal Maritime Boundary (Bangladesh v. India) (D. H. Anderson)              146
      Arbitral tribunal award delimiting the entire maritime boundary between Ban-
      gladesh and India in the northeastern part of the Bay of Bengal
  European Communities-Measures Prohibiting the Importation and Marketing of Seal
    Products (Gregory Shaffer and David Pabian)                                       154
      WTO Appellate Body report on compatibility of the EU prohibition on import
      and sale of seal products with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
  Technische Universitdt Darmstadt v. Eugen Ulmer KG (Anne-Marie Carstens)           161
      European Court ofJustice judgment under the EU information society directive
      and WIPO Copyright Treaty on fair use issues arising from mass digitization of
      library collections
  Georgia v. Russia (I) (Bjorn Arp)                                                  167
      Decision of the European Court of Human Rights on legality of Russia's arrest,
      detention, and collective expulsion of Georgian nationals in 2006

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