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12 Am. U. J. Gender Soc. Pol'y & L. 233 (2004)
Behind the Wedding Veil: Child Marriage as a Form of Trafficking in Girls

handle is hein.journals/ajgsp12 and id is 241 raw text is: BEHIND THE WEDDING VEIL: CHILD
MARRIAGE AS A FORM OF
TRAFFICKING IN GIRLS
ELIZABETH WARNER*
Introduction ............................................................      .... 234
I. The Prevalence and Causes of Child Marriage .......................................... 237
A. Occurrence of Child Marriage throughout the World ................... 237
B.  Reasons for  Child  M  arriage  ................................................................... 241
II. Domestic Regulation of Child Marriage ................................................... 243
III. International Conventions Relating to Child Marriage ......................... 247
A. Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage
and Registration of Marriages (Marriage Convention) .......................... 249
B. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) .................................. 251
C. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
A gainst W om  en  ............................................................................................ 253
D. Human Rights Conventions .................................................................. 254
E. Conventions Prohibiting Slavery and Forced Labor ............................ 255
F. African Charter on the Rights and of the Welfare of the Child,
1990  (African  Charter) ............................................................................. 257
G. Anti-Trafficking Conventions ................................................................ 258
1. Early International Agreements .......................... ; .............................. 258
2. The Trafficking Protocol of 2000 ....................................................... 259
3. Child Marriage as a Form of Exploitation ......................................... 262
Sexual Exploitation    .............................................................................. 264
Forced   Labor  ........................................................................................ 265
Slavery or Practices Similar to Slavery ................................................. 265
4.  P rospects  .............................................................................................. 266
IV. Recommendations and Conclusions ....................................................... 266
A. Elements of Model Legislation .............................................................. 267
B.  Extra-legal M  easures ............................................................................... 268
C .  C onclusion s ............................................................................................. 270
* Senior Community Relations Consultant, Iraq Reconstruction Management Office.
JD, University of Michigan; LLM, International and Comparative Law, Georgetown
University Law Center. The author wishes to thank Professors Mohamed Mattar and
Laura Lederer for their guidance in the preparation of this article; and also Nancy
Stafford, Vida Antolin-Jenkins and Norman Printer, Jr. for providing many hours of
thoughtful and stimulating discussion.

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