31 Am. J. Crim. L. 367 (2003-2004)
Reinventing Gideon v. Wainwright: Holistic Defenders, Indigent Defendants, and the Right to Counsel

handle is hein.journals/ajcl31 and id is 375 raw text is: Comment

Reinventing Gideon v. Wainwright.
Holistic Defenders, Indigent Defendants, and the
Right to Counsel
Kyung M. Lee*
Table of Contents
I.        Introduction  ........................................................................................ 369
II.       Indigent Defense: In a Perpetual State of Crisis ................................. 372
A.        Desperately Underfunded ..................................................... 373
B.        Underpaid, Overworked Defenders ...................................... 375
1.       Still a  V ocation  ...................................................... 375
2.        Overloaded Defenders ........................................... 377
C .       A  Tilted  Playing  Field  .......................................................... 379
D.        Where's the Quality Control? .............................................. 380
1.       No One Watching Over Them ............................... 380
2.        Unqualified, but not Disqualified ........................... 382
3.        Strickland  Strike-Out ............................................. 383
4.        What's the Standard? .................... 384
a. Standards Indefinable ......................................... 384
b. Standards Unenforceable ................................... 386
III.      H olistic  Representation  ...................................................................... 387
A.        Holistic Representation: A Brief Overview ......................... 387
B.        Holistic Representation: Connecting with Other
Criminal-Justice Actors and the Community at Large ......... 389
1.       Overcoming the Underdog ..................................... 389
2.        Beyond   These  W  alls .............................................. 390
3.        Making Their Presence Known .............................. 392
J.D. Columbia, B.A., M.A. Stanford. I'm very grateful to Professors James Liebman and Wil-
liam Simon for being so generous with their time and their suggestions. Many thanks to Douglas Am-
mar, Bennett Brummer, Cait Clarke, James Neuhard, Deborah Poole, and Mark Stephens for sharing
their thoughts.

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