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28 Am. J. Crim. L. 119 (2000-2001)
The Next Frontier of Law Enforncement: A Proposal for Complete DNA Databanks

handle is hein.journals/ajcl28 and id is 127 raw text is: The Next Frontier of Law Enforcement:
A Proposal for Complete DNA Databanks
John P. Cronan*
Table of Contents
I.   Introduction ......................................................................... 120
II.  DNA Technology in Law           Enforcement ......................................... 124
A. Introduction to the DNA          Molecule ......................................... 124
B.   The Technique: DNA          Profiling ............................................. 125
C.   DNA's Impact on Criminal Investigations ................................ 127
D. Revelation of an Alarming Rate of Wrongful Convictions ............. 130
III. The Current DNA        Databank System       ............................................ 131
A. DNA       Databanks in the United States ...................................... 131
1.   State DNA Databanks ................................................... 131
2.   Federal DNA Databank ................................................. 133
B.   Flaws in the Current DNA          Databank System       ............................ 134
1.   Incomplete Listings ...................................................... 134
2.   Major Delays in Profiling .............................................. 135
3. Failure of State Databanks To Participate in the
Federal Databank ........................................................ 137
IV. Proposal for Complete DNA Databanks ........................................ 137
A. DNA       Collection for Complete Databanks ................................. 137
B.   Concurrent Policies ........................................................... 139
1.   Indoctrination of Police on Sanctity of DNA Evidence ............ 139
2.   Safeguards To Protect Individual Privacy Interests ................. 140
V. The Constitutionality of Complete DNA Databanks:
Fourth Amendment Privacy Concerns .......................................... 142
A. DNA       Databank Case Law ................................................... 143
B.   Fourth Amendment Analysis of Complete DNA                  Databanks ........... 144
1.   Relevant Fourth Amendment Standard:
The Special Needs Doctrine ........................................ 144
2.   Applying the Special Needs Doctrine ............................. 146
a. Privacy Intrusion ..................................................... 146
b.Government's Special Needs. .................................... 148
3.   Increased Conviction Rates ............................................ 148
4.   Deterrence Leading to a Lower Crime Rate ......................... 149
5.   Reduction of Wrongful Arrests ........................................ 151
J.D. Candidate, Yale Law School, May 2001; B.A., Georgetown University, 1998. I thank
Professor Steven Duke of the Yale Law School for his invaluable guidance and comments on various
drafts of this Article. I also thank Jason Ryan, Shawn Reinschmiedt, and the staff of the American
Journal of Criminal Law for their editorial assistance.

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