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2019 JTHE 61 (2019)
Strengthening Prevention of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence and Trafficking in Human Beings: Saving the Potential of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda with the Human Rights-Based Approach

handle is hein.journals/jthe3 and id is 69 raw text is: 
JOURNAL OF TRAFFICKING AND HUMAN EXPLOITATION; VOL. 3, NR. 1, 61-85, PARIS LEGAL PUBLISHERS
0 2019


     Strengthening Prevention of Conflict-related Sexual
 Violence and Trafficking in Human Beings: Saving the
 Potential  ofthe   Women, Peace and Security Agenda with
                          the   Human Rights-Based Approach

                                                    Milena Adamczewska*
      The Office of the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Republic of Poland

                 Abstract

                 The Women, Peace and Security (WPS) Resolutions ofthe United
Nations Security Council are an essential part of the international framework to
prevent conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) and trafficking in human beings
(THB).  However, the WPS  Resolutions' potential is not fully realized, as they are
not sufficiently implemented by States. This article argues that the struggles with the
implementation of the WPS Resolutions are substantially caused by the unresolved
uncertainties about their legal status, their scope ofapplicability and the mechanisms
of their implementation. It is discussed that a human rights-based approach to the
WPS   Resolutions can resolve these ambiguities, thus save the potential of the WPS
Resolutions to strengthen prevention of CRSV and THB. Building on the concept of
positive correlation between peace and realization ofwomen's rights, the article defends
the view that States' obligations included in the WPS Resolutions are binding and
applicable in peacetime, as they overlap with the obligations established by interna-
tional human rights treaties. These findings give ground to thefurther argument that
implementation of the WPS Resolutions can and should be enhanced through the
mechanisms  of the UN Human  Rights System as well as through the increased in-
volvement of civil society organizations.


           1.   Introduction

                 It seems impossible today to discuss prevention of conflict-
related sexual violence (CRSV) and trafficking in human beings (THB) without
making  reference to the Women,  Peace, and  Security (WPS) Agenda  of the
United Nations (UN). Since its formal inauguration with UN Security Council's
Resolution 1325 (hereafter Resolution 1325) in October 2000, the WPS framework
has grown  significantly. Together with seven subsequent resolutions on the





*  DOI 10.7590/2452277l9X15476235o96535 2452-2775 2019 Journal ofTrafficking and Human
   Exploitation


Journal ofTrafficking and Human Exploitation 2019-1


61

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