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11 Harv. Blackletter L. J. 85 (1994)
Critical Race Theory: A Proposed Structure and Application to Federal Pleading

handle is hein.journals/hblj11 and id is 89 raw text is: Critical Race Theory:
A Proposed Structure and
Application to Federal
Roy L. Brooks*
Critical Race Theory (CRT) is a collection of critical stances against the
existing legal order from a race-based point of view.' Specifically, it focuses
on the various ways in which the received tradition in law adversely
affects people of color not as individuals but as a group. Thus, CRT
attempts to analyze law and legal traditions through the history contem-
porary experiences, and racial sensibilities of racial minorities in this
country. The question always lurking in the background of CRT is this:
* Professor of Law, University of San Diego; B.A., University of Connecticut, 1972; J.D.,
Yale Law School, 1975.
1. For examples of scholarship on CRT, see, e.g., Robin Barnes, Race Consciousness: The
Thematic Content of Racial Distinctiveness in Critical Race Scholarship, 103 HARv. L. REv.
1864 (1990); DERRucK BELL, RACE, RAcIsM AN ANMEmCAN LAW (3d ed. 1992); DERICK
(1987); DERRICK BELL, RACE RACISM A     A mRICAN LAw (2d ed. 1980); Kimberl
Crenshaw, Race, Reform, and Retrenchment: Transformation and Legitimation in Anti-dis-
crimination Law, 101 HARv. L. REv. 1331 (1988); Jerome Culp, Autobiography and Legal
Scholarship and Teaching: Finding the Me in the Legal Academy, 77 VA. L. REV. 539 (1991);
Jerome Culp, Posner on Duncan Kennedy and Racial Difference: White Authority in the
Legal Academy, 41 Dui L.J. 1095 (1992); Richard Delgado, Brewer's Plea: Critical
Thoughts on Common Cause, 44 VAND. L. REv. 1 (1991); Richard Delgado, The Imperial
Scholar: Reflections on a Review of Civil Rights Literature, 132 U. PA. L. REv. 561 (1984);
Richard Delgado, The Imperial Scholar Revisited: How to Marginalize Outsider Writing.
Ten Years Later, 140 U. PA. L. REv. 1349 (1992); Richard Delgado, Mindset and Metaphor,
103 HA'v. L. REv. 1872 (1990); Richard Delgado, When a Story Is Just a Story: Does
Voice Really Matter? 76 VA. L. REv. 95 (1990); Alex Johnson, Racial Critiques of Legal
Academia: A Reply in Favor of Context, 43 STAN. L. Rm. 137 (1990); Randall Kennedy,
Racial Critiques of Legal Academia, 102 HAxv. L. REv. 1745 (1989); Charles Lawrence IlI,
The Id, the Ego, and Equal Protection: Reckoning with Unconscious Racism, 39 STAN. L.
Rsv 317 (1987); Mari Matsuda, Affirmative Action and Legal Knowledge: Planting Seeds
in Plowed-Up Ground, 11 HARv. WOMEN's L.J. 1, (1988); Mari Matsuda, Looking to the
Bottom: Critical Legal Studies and Reparations, 22 I-Iv. C.R.-C.L. L. REv. 323 (1987);
Gerald Torres, Local Knowledge, Local Color: Critical Legal Studies and the Law of Race
Relations, 25 SAN DIEGo L. Rsv 1043 (1988); Patricia J. Williams, Alchemical Notes:
Reconstructing Ideals from Deconstructed Rights, 22 HARv. C.R.-C.L. L. REv 401 (1987).

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