About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

15 Diritto & Questioni Pubbliche 175 (2015)
The Volatility of Salafi Political Theology, the War on Terror and the Genesis of Boko Haram

handle is hein.journals/dirquesp15 and id is 469 raw text is: 


               The  Volatility ofSalafi  Political Theology,   the War   on Terror
                               and  the Genesis   ofBoko   Haram

       1. Political Blame Game and Collective Frustration: Boko Haram and its Perceptions in Nigeria
 2. Islamist Utopia and Salafi Purism - 3. Muhammad Yusuf and Jihadi Salafism - 4. Salafi Political Theology
      and the Quietist vs Jihadi Fallacy - 5. The Kanamma Experience and the War on Terror in Nigeria
          6. Conclusion: The Volatility ofSalafi Political Theology and the War on Terror in Nigeria

1. Political Blame Game  and Collective Frustration: Boko Haram and  its Perceptions in Nigeria

In March  2015, the octogenarian presidential candidate of the opposition party (APC, All Peoples'
Congress), retired-General Muhammadu Buhari, won the Nigerian presidential   elections. For the first
time since the 1999 democratic transition, a candidate of the opposition was breaking the monopoly
previously exercised by the Peoples' Democratic Party (PDP)  on the federal government of the most
populous  African state, the top oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa and the biggest economy of the
continent. The crowds  that queued  in front of the polling stations of the mainly Muslim states of
northern Nigeria bear witness to the (temporary) failure of Boko Haram's   campaigns  to take roots
among  the masses'. In line with its distinctive position that democracy is a form of shirk (worship of
an object other than  God)  and participating or voting in elections constitutes kufr (unbelief), the
terrorist network had actively attempted to prevent Muslims  from voting. Vast areas of Bomo   and
Adamawa states   were still under its control during the presidential elections, leading to the practical
impossibility of setting polling stations there. At the same time, the enigmatic leader of the movement,
Abubakar  Shekau,  had explicitly threatened to bomb the polling stations located in the areas of the
north outside his direct control2.
   From  the onset of Buhari's presidential mandate, the Nigerian army has continued in its efforts to
push the militiamen of Boko  Haram  away  from the area that, since the beginning of the first ground
offensive by the group in June 2014, had gradually fallen under its control. This area, roughly the size of
Belgium, stretched between the two north-eastern states of Borno and Adamawa, including several maj or
towns like Gwoza  (fallen to the insurgents in August 2014, then liberated in March 2015), Bama (fallen
in September 2014, freed in March 2015) and Mubi  (fallen in October 2014, freed in March 2015). The

   Department of Religious Studies, University of Cape Town. E-mail: andrea.brigagliai~uct.ac.za.
1  Nigeria is a federal republic composed of thirty-six states plus the territory of the Federal Capital Abuja. The
thirty-six states are grouped in six geo-political zones: Core North; Northeast; Middle Belt; Southwest; South-south
and Southeast. Of its roughly 400 ethno-linguistic groups, the dominant ones are Hausa (mainly in the Core North),
Yoruba (Southwest) and Igbo (Southeast). Islam is the dominant religion in the Core North and the Northeast, while
Christianity is dominant in the Southeast and South-South areas. The Southwest and the Middle Belt have a mixed
population of Muslims and Christians.
2  www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2015/02/boko-haram-threatens-disrupt-nigeria-poll-150218042214031 .html.

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing thousands of academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.

Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline.

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most