1 Public Availability of Diplomatic Archives 1 (1985)

handle is hein.intyb/puavdipar0001 and id is 1 raw text is: 



United States Department of State


PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF

DIPLOMATIC ARCHIVES


Historical Study




INTRODUCTION


  Office of the Historian
Bureau of Public Affairs
U.S. Department of State
            August 1985


    Over the past 30 years the Office of the Historian has
from time to time surveyed the public availability of
diplomatic archives throughout the world and published
its findings for the use of scholars and academic
institutions. The most recent previous edition of this
publication was 'Public Availability of Diplomatic
Archives, October 1976.

    This 1985 updated version is based primarily on
information received from American diplomatic posts
abroad in 1984. Data on the archival practices of certain
countries could not be obtained due to unsettled
conditions or the absence of relations with the United
States. Since official documentary publications are often
invaluable guides to unpublished material, information
is included on major ongoing national series that are
based   largely  on  previously-classified historical
diplomatic documentation.

    In view of the fact that archival practices, regulations,
and conditions of availability may change on short
notice, individuals seeking access to diplomatic archives
should write the appropriate government for current
information in advance of a research trip. Important
published works on archival sources include Daniel H.
Thomas and Lynn M. Case, The New Guide to the
Diplomatic Archives of Western Europe (Philadelphia:
University of Pennsylvania Press, 1975); Patricia
Kennedy    Grimsted,   Archives   and   Manuscript
Repositories in the USSR: Moscow and Leningrad
(Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1972); and
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization, Guide to the Archives of International
Organizations vol. I, The United Nations' System (Paris:
UNESCO, 1984).       Archivum, published    by  the
International Council on Archives (UNESCO) presents
information on access to diplomatic archives. No. 28,
1982, contains texts of many national archival and
declassification regulations then in force. Additional
information on the diplomatic archives of various nations
may be obtained from articles appearing from time to


time in The American Archivist and the Newsletter of the
Society for Historians of American Relations. A list of
guides to archives and manuscript collections appears in
Richard Dean Burns, Guide to American Foreign
Relations Since 1700 (Santa Barbara, Calif. ABC Clio,
1983), pp. 30-32.

    This publication was prepared by Neal H. Petersen
and reviewed by William Z. Slany.


United States

   There is no     legislative requirement for the
declassification of Department of State and other foreign
policy records after a fixed period of time. E.O. 12356,
April 2, 1982, which governs classification, declassifica-
tion, and  the safeguarding   of national security
information, states that information should be declassi-
fied or downgraded as soon as national security
considerations permit. The archivist of the United
States is charged with declassifying or downgrading
material that has been accessioned into the National
Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in
accordance with systematic review guidelines provided
by the originating agency. In the case of Department of
State records, files through 1954 have been transferred
to NARA.     Material through 1949 has undergone
declassification review and is open for research. Records
for 1950-1954 are being reviewed and opened incre-
mentally, with many files now available and the entire
collection scheduled to have been processed by early
1986. In effect, the United States is opening its files
after 28 to 32 years.

    In addition, U.S. foreign policy records for any
period may be requested under the Freedom of
Information Act and mandatory review procedures.
Agencies, including the Department of State, are
required to respond to legitimate requests for the release
of documents or categories of documents that might

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing nearly 2,700 academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.



Access to this content requires a subscription. Please visit the following page to request a quote or trial:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?