NSIAD-85-79 1 (1985-05-20)

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                 Jy the Oftice of Congressional Relations,
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BY THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL
Report To The Chairman, Subcommittee On

Western Hemisphere Affairs, House Committee

On Foreign Affairs And Ranking Minority Member,

Senate Committee On Foreign Relations

OF THE UNITED STATES



Use Of Special Presidential Authorities
For Foreign Assistance

Under the Foreign Assistance Act, the
Congress has granted the President special
and unusual flexibility in the conduct of
foreign policy. Congressional recognition
and acceptance of the need for this flexi-
bility have been demonstrated by the use of
some form of these authorities for over 30
years. The authorities have been invoked at
least 163 times since 1961 and involved
over $2.5 billion in foreign assistance.
Congressional guidance on the use of the
special presidential authorities has general-
ly been broad, and reflects a recognition of
trade-offs between executive flexibility and
congressional control. This control has
changed over time and will likely continue
to change. The degree of congressional
control is a judgment the Congress must
make based on such factors as its needs,
the state of executive-legislative relations,
and the international situation.










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                                                         GAO/NSIAD-85-79
    1C OU itN                                               MAY 20,1985

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