PAD-78-4 1 (1978-02-06)

handle is hein.gao/gaobaawpa0001 and id is 1 raw text is: 


                          DOCUMENT RESUME

 04853 -  2 20385266 1

 handgun Control: Effect iveness and Costs. FAD-78-4; B-171019.
 February 6, 1973. 79 pp. + 3 appendis-t (11 pp.).

 Peport to the Conqress  by Elmer E. Staats, Comptroller General.

 Issue Area: Law Enforcerkent and Crime Prevention (5C0) ; La*
     Enforceiuent and Crime PreventioL: Controlled Items (502);
     Program Evaluation Systems: New Tecbniques and Standards
     (2602).
Contact: Program Analyiis Div.
LBudqet Function: Law 'Enforcement and Justice: Federal Law
    Enforcement and Prosecution (751); Law Enforcement and
    Justice: Federal judicial Activities 1752); General
    Government: Legislative Functivns (801).
Organization Concerned: Department of Justice; Department of the
    Treasury.
Congressional Relevance: House Committee on the Judiciary;
    Senate Committee on the Judiciary; Congress.
Au' K.rity: National Firearms Act of 1934. Federal Firearms Act
    of 1938. Gun Contioi Act of 1968.

         In 1976, 63.8% of murders, 23.6% of aggravated
assaults, and 42.7% of robberies in the United States were
committed with guns. Over the past 10 years the use of guns in
crime has increased greatly. Three major Federal laws have
controlled the sale and possession of firearms: the National
Firearms Act of 1934, the Federal Firearms Act or 1938, and the
Gun Control Act of 1968.  Findings/Conclusicns: There has been a
direct relationship betweeD increased handgun availability and
increased gun-related crimes in America since the mid-sixties.
The Gun Control Act was an attempt tc remove inexpensive
handguns from the market by restricting imports; it also
!ttempted to aid State and local law enforcement ky requiring
4un purchasers to be State residents and prohibiting some people
i~om buying guns. However, since it does not require
verification of a pur._hser's identity, it is not effective in
deterring people with criminal records from acquiring guns.
State and local laws affectinq haniquins consist of a pa.-chwork
of statutes and req,,pements, with State laws effective only
within State lines and a lack of unifcrtity amcng States. Other
attempts to curb qun-,elted crimes have tee; enactment by some
States of mandatory sexutencinq for crises committed with guns
and a Federal enrorce~t~ project. The effectiveness of these
and other approaches kg not been clearly established. It is
difficult to estimate the cost of a national gun ccntrol, system
because there is no def'iitive design for such a system. costs
would depend an requirements and needs for personnel. Savings
would result from integrating some State gun ccntrol systems
into a national system. Recommendations: Conqress should
consider a national q4n control system from a range of system
desiqns and select a system which is most cost effective.

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