1 1 (July 27, 2020)

handle is hein.crs/govdbby0001 and id is 1 raw text is: 









              Researh Sevice





Defense Production Act (DPA): Recent

Developments in Response to COVID-19



July 27, 2020

The Administration has employed the Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA) as part of federal
countermeasures to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The DPA confers presidential
authorities to mobilize domestic industry in service of the national defense, broadly defined, including
emergency preparedness. The DPA includes provisions under Title I to prioritize the acceptance of
contracts, and to allocate scarce goods, materials, and services; and under Title III, to provide for the
expansion of productive capacity. Title VII provides definitions and other supporting provisions.
This Insight considers recent DPA actions in response to COVID-19 and is intended as a companion to
CRS Insight IN 11387. See CRS Report R43767 for an in-depth discussion of DPA history and authorities.


Recent DPA Implementation Actions

Since May 12, a number of DPA actions have occurred or been made public:
    *  May 12: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Department of
       Justice (DOJ) announced a voluntary agreement pursuant to Title VII of the DPA to
       coordinate industry cooperation.
    *  May 13: FEMA issued its Emergency Management Priorities and Allocations System
       to govern Title I implementation processes.
    *  May 18: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Department of Agriculture
       (USDA) issued a memorandum of understanding (MOU) regarding DPA food security
       implementation.
    *  May30: The Department of Defense (DOD) reversed plans to allocate approximately
       750 of the $1 billion in DPA Title III funds appropriated for health resources under the
       Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act in response to the
       pandemic, and instead allocated $688 million for defense industrial base investments.
    *  June 22: DOD and the International Development Finance Corporation (DFC) signed an
       MOU in which the DFC would support lending activities under DOD's Title III program.

                                                             Congressional Research Service
                                                             https://crsreports.congress.gov
                                                                                 IN11470

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