1 1 (May 26, 2020)

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               Researh Sevice





Delivery of Economic Impact Payments (EIPs)



Updated May 26, 2020
To mitigate the financial hardship many Americans are experiencing during the coronavirus pandemic,
Congress passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act (P.L. 116-136). A
critical element of the aid package is direct payments to certain individuals in 2020. The payments are
referred to as recovery rebates in Section 2201 of the act, but the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) calls
them economic impact payments (EIPs) in the notices it shares with the general public. To qualify for a
full EIP, an individual's adjusted gross income (AGI) in 2019 cannot exceed $75,000 (or $150,000 for
married couples filing jointly). The payment phases out for AGIs between $75,000 and $98,000 for single
filers, and between $150,000 and $198,000 for joint filers.
For more information on these payments, see CRS Insight IN11282, COVID-19 and Direct Payments to
Individuals: Summary of the 2020 Recovery Rebates/Economic Impact Payments in the CARES Act (P.L.
116-136).
This Insight presents a brief overview of the delivery of EIPs and identifies factors that might affect the
timing and accuracy of their delivery.

Delivery of Payments

The IRS is administering the EIP program, with assistance from the Treasury Department's Bureau of the
Fiscal Service. In doing so, it has drawn on its experience in administering a similar payment program
established by the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 (ESA, P.L. 110-185).
The CARES Act provided the IRS with $500.7 million to implement the program; the funds are available
until September 30, 2021. By contrast, Congress appropriated $270 million for the IRS to implement the
2008 stimulus payments.
The IRS is issuing EIPs to three categories of taxpayers:
    *  eligible individuals who filed a return in 2019 (or in 2018 if no return for 2019 is filed
       before payments are disbursed);
    *  eligible individuals who did not file a return for either year but who received Social
       Security benefits, Railroad Retirement (RR) benefits, Supplemental Security Income, or
       certain Veterans Administration benefits in 2019; and


                                                               Congressional Research Service
                                                                 https://crsreports.congress.gov
                                                                                     IN11393

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