1 1 (July 15, 2020)

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              Researh Sevice

COVID-19 Pandemic's Impact on Household

Employment and Income

Updated July 15, 2020


The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affectedhouseholds in numerous ways,
including shuttering business and schools, resulting in an economic recession and loss of employment
income. An experimental U.S. Census Bureau household survey has been fielded each week since late
April to track the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on households. This Insight provides some
data from that survey, as well as links to research on the pandemic -induced recession's effects on
households and policy responses to them.

Not Working for Reasons Related to COVID-19
The Census survey asked respondents who were not working the week of the survey the reason they did
not work, with several of the reasons related to the COVID- 19 pandemic. This is a different survey from
that used to produce the regular monthly labor force statistics (employment and unemployment), which
does not ask questions that are specific to the COVID- 19 pandemic. Figure 1 shows that the estimated
number of people who reported not working for COVID-19-related reasons peaked during the week of
May 7, 2020, at 48.8 million, and declined to 39.0 million during the week of June 4. The decline has
since slow ed. The largest group are those not working bec aus e of COVID- 19's effect on business
conditions (furloughs, layoffs, businesses closed). The decline of people in this group accounts for most
of the decline in all people not working for COVID- 19-related reasons through early June.

                                                            Congressional Research Service

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