1 1 (May 13, 2020)

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               Researh Sevice

Domestic Public Health Response to

COVID-19: Current Status

Updated May 13, 2020
The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is affecting communities throughout the United
States, with total case counts growing daily. More than 1.3 million cases, including more than 82,000
deaths, have been reported in the United States. Containment and mitigation efforts by federal, state, and
local governments have been undertaken to flatten the curve-that is, to slow widespread transmission
that could overwhelm the nation's health care system. Currently, social distancing restrictions that have
been in place for almost two months are being eased in some jurisdictions as economic consequences
mount. Efforts to identify and quarantine close contacts of cases are underway in some places, although
testing capacity remains limited. Nursing homes, prisons, jails, and similar congregate settings are
emerging as points of rapid spread of infection.
This CRS Insight presents selected information and resources relevant to the domestic public health
response to COVID-19 in containing and mitigating the spread and impact of the disease. As the situation
evolves, this Insight will be updated. For further information on other issues related to COVID-19, see the
CRS Coronavirus Disease 2019 homepage.

A Snapshot of the Domestic Public Health Response to COVID-19, as of
May 13, 2020
Selected events and actions. All dates are calendar year 2020. All dollar amounts are discretionary

Congress-Relevant Laws and Legislation
       The Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations Act (P.L. 116-
       123), enacted March 6, provides a total of $7.767 billion in appropriations, including
       $6.497 billion for HHS (including a contingent amount). The act also expands telehealth
       services. Prior to enactment, health response efforts were primarily supported by the
       CDC Infectious Diseases Rapid Response Reserve Fund allotment of $105 million and
       HHS transfers of $136 million.

                                                               Congressional Research Service

Prepared for Mernhe-s and
Co-mmittees of Con gress

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