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Domestic Public Health Response to

COVID-19: Current Status

Updated April 20, 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic is affecting communities throughout the United States, with case counts
changing daily. Over 760,000 cases have been reported in 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto
Rico, Guarm the Northern Manana Islands, md the U S. Virgin Islands, ith over 35.000 deaths reported.
(Data from compiled state and local reports.) Containment and mitigation efforts by federal, state, and
local governments have been undertaken to flatten the curve-that is, to slow widespread transmission
that could overwhelm the nation's health care system.
This CRS Insight presents selected information and resources relevant to the domestic public health
response to COVID-19 in containing and mitigating the spread and impact of the disease. As the situation
evolves, this Insight will be updated. For further information on other issues related to COVID-19, see the
CRS Coronavirus Disease 2019 homepage.

A Snapshot of the Domestic Public Health Response to COVID-19, as of
April 16, 2020
Selected events and actions. All dates are calendar year 2020.

Emergency and Major Disaster Declarations and White House
    *  Several emergency declarations are in effect, including a Public Health Emrgenc v under
       Section 319 of the Public Health Service Act, declared on January 31 (retroactively dated
       to January 27); nationwide emergency declarations on March 13 and subsequent major
       disaster declarations pursuant to the Staffbrd Act; and a National Emergency declaration
       pursuant to the National Emergencies Act on March 13, dated to March 1. Waivers are in
       effect under Section i1 35 of the Social Security Act to aid the health care system with
       surge capacity.
    *  President Donald Trump formed the President's Coronavirus Task Force and appointed
       Vice President Mike Pence as the coordinator and Dr. Deborah Birx as response
       coordinator; announced on January 29.

                                                              Congressional Research Service

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