1 1 (March 18, 2020)

handle is hein.crs/govcizq0001 and id is 1 raw text is: 

              Researh Sevice

COVID-19 and Stimulus Payments to

Individuals: How the 2009 Economic Recovery

Payment Worked

March 18, 2020
In response to concerns about an economic slowdown due to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
outbreak, some la-xwmakers have expressed interest in providing direct cash payments to Americans. One
option to provide such payments would be to establish a new advanced refundable tax credit, as was done
in 2008 with recovery rebates. Although this option would disburse payments to the vast majority of
Americans relatively quickly, it would not directly help those who do not file a federal income tax return.
A 2017 study found that nonfilers were more likely to be seniors or recipients of public assistance than
those who filed a tax return.
To provide direct cash payments to nonfilers, lawmakers could consider providing such payments through
existing programs for certain vulnerable populations. To assist lawmakers in assessing the merits of such
a proposal, this Insight examines the 2009 Economic Recovery Payment (ERP), which was a one-time
$250 payment made to most individuals who received recurring cash benefits from the Social Security
Administration (SSA), the Railroad Retirement Board (RRB), or the Department of Veterans Affairs

The ERP was established as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA; P.L.
111-5). Section 2201 of ARRA provided a one-time payment of $250 to the following groups:
    *  Adult Social Security beneficiaries;
    *  Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients of all ages;
    *  Adult railroad retirement annuitants; and
    *  Adult VA disability compensation or pension recipients.
The ERP was not available to dependent minor or student children who might otherwise receive benefits
under Social Security, railroad retirement, or VA's programs, nor was it available to SSI recipients who
received a personal needs allowance.
                                                             Congressional Research Service

Prepaimed for Mernbei-s and
Com mittees  o.i C- --q s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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