S. Rept. 114-215 1 (2016-02-29)

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                                                       Calendar No. 376
                  114TH CONGRESS                                    REPORT
                     2d Session              SENATE                 114-215





                   NATIVE  LANGUAGE IMMERSION STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
                                               ACT



                                 FEBRUARY 29, 2016.-Ordered to be printed


                        Mr. BARRASSO, from the Committee on Indian Affairs,
                                      submitted the following


                                         REPORT

                                         [To accompany S. 1419]
                    The Committee  on Indian Affairs, to which was referred the bill
                  (S. 1419), to promote the academic achievement of American In-
                  dian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian children with the estab-
                  lishment of a Native American  language grant program, having
                  considered the same, reports favorably thereon with an amendment
                  and recommends  that the bill, as amended, do pass.
                                             PURPOSE
                    The purpose of S. 1419 is to establish a federal grant program
                  specifically for Native American language immersion programs and
                  to provide for their administration and the collection of data to de-
                  termine the effectiveness of these programs.
                                           BACKGROUND
                    In 1990  Congress passed the Native American Languages  Act
                  (NALA),  which recognizes the unique status of Native American
                  cultures and languages. According to the law, it is U.S. federal pol-
                  icy to 'preserve, protect, and promote the rights and freedom of Na-
                  tive Americans to use, practice, and develop Native American lan-
                  guages.' Further, NALA declares U.S. federal support for 'the use
                  of Native American languages as a medium of instruction.'
                    The  Esther Martinez Native American Languages  Preservation
                  Act (NALPA),  which builds on NALA, was signed into law in De-
                  cember  2006. NALPA  further cemented the federal government's
                  policy of supporting the preservation of and continued education in
                  Native American languages. Named  after Esther Martinez, a Tewa
                     59-010

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