S. Rept. 114-215 1 (2016-02-29)

handle is hein.congrecreports/crptxsfm0001 and id is 1 raw text is: AUT-ENTICATED

                                                       Calendar No. 376
                  114TH CONGRESS                                    REPORT
                     2d Session              SENATE                 114-215


                                 FEBRUARY 29, 2016.-Ordered to be printed

                        Mr. BARRASSO, from the Committee on Indian Affairs,
                                      submitted the following


                                         [To accompany S. 1419]
                    The Committee  on Indian Affairs, to which was referred the bill
                  (S. 1419), to promote the academic achievement of American In-
                  dian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian children with the estab-
                  lishment of a Native American  language grant program, having
                  considered the same, reports favorably thereon with an amendment
                  and recommends  that the bill, as amended, do pass.
                    The purpose of S. 1419 is to establish a federal grant program
                  specifically for Native American language immersion programs and
                  to provide for their administration and the collection of data to de-
                  termine the effectiveness of these programs.
                    In 1990  Congress passed the Native American Languages  Act
                  (NALA),  which recognizes the unique status of Native American
                  cultures and languages. According to the law, it is U.S. federal pol-
                  icy to 'preserve, protect, and promote the rights and freedom of Na-
                  tive Americans to use, practice, and develop Native American lan-
                  guages.' Further, NALA declares U.S. federal support for 'the use
                  of Native American languages as a medium of instruction.'
                    The  Esther Martinez Native American Languages  Preservation
                  Act (NALPA),  which builds on NALA, was signed into law in De-
                  cember  2006. NALPA  further cemented the federal government's
                  policy of supporting the preservation of and continued education in
                  Native American languages. Named  after Esther Martinez, a Tewa

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