S. Rept. 115-233 1 (2018-04-25)

handle is hein.congrecreports/crptxabfh0001 and id is 1 raw text is: AUTHENTICATEO
U.S. -OVERNMENT
INFORMATION
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                                                       Calendar No. 388
                  115TH CONGRESS             SEAEREPORT
                     2d Session JSENATE                        1   115-233





                        STE. GENEVIEVE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK
                                     ESTABLISHMENT ACT


                                  APRIL 25, 2018.-Ordered to be printed


                     Ms. MURKOWSKI, from the Committee on Energy and Natural
                                 Resources, submitted the following


                                        REPORT

                                        [To accompany S. 1335]

                           [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]
                    The Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, to which was
                  referred the bill (S. 1335) to establish the Ste. Genevieve National
                  Historic Site in the State of Missouri, and for other purposes, hav-
                  ing considered the same, reports favorably thereon without amend-
                  ment and recommends that the bill do pass.
                                            PURPOSE
                    The purpose of S. 1335 is to establish the Ste. Genevieve Na-
                  tional Historical Park in the State of Missouri.
                                      BACKGROUND AND NEED
                    Ste. Genevieve was founded circa 1750 by French Canadian set-
                  tlers, most of whom came from earlier settlements just across the
                  Mississippi in present-day Illinois. Though resources such as salt
                  and lead attracted settlers to the west side of the Mississippi, the
                  rich soil was the greatest draw. Ste. Genevieve was primarily an
                  agricultural settlement, with free and enslaved residents working
                  in the Grand Champ, or Common Field, a large area of privately
                  held, long agricultural lots surrounded by one large fence.
                    After a series of floods, the most severe of which occurred in
                  1785, the town was moved inland approximately three miles, to
                  where it stands today. Residents continued to work the Common
                  Field, which though smaller, is still cultivated today. Ste. Gene-
                  vieve became a hub of trade. Following the Revolutionary War,
                     79-010

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