H. Rept. 115-455 1 (2017-12-11)

handle is hein.congrecreports/crptxaasr0001 and id is 1 raw text is: AUTHENTICATEO

                   115TH CONGRESS                                     REPORT
                      1st Session   HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES          115-455


                   DECEMBER 11, 2017.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State
                                    of the Union and ordered to be printed

                    Mr. BISHOP of Utah, from the Committee on Natural Resources,
                                       submitted the following


                                            together with

                                        DISSENTING VIEWS

                                        [To accompany H.R. 1399]

                            [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]
                     The Committee on Natural Resources, to whom was referred the
                   bill (H.R. 1399) to reduce temporarily the royalty required to be
                   paid for sodium produced on Federal lands, and for other purposes,
                   having considered the same, report favorably thereon without
                   amendment and recommend that the bill do pass.
                                        PURPOSE OF THE BILL
                     The purpose of H.R. 1399 is to reduce temporarily the royalty re-
                   quired to be made for sodium produced on Federal lands.
                               BACKGROUND AND NEED FOR LEGISLATION
                     Soda ash (sodium carbonate) is primarily used for glass-making,
                   which consumes about half of soda ash output. Another quarter is
                   used by the chemical industry. Other uses include soap, paper
                   manufacturing and water treatment. In the United States, soda
                   ash is refined from trona, a naturally occurring mineral, or from
                   naturally occurring sodium-carbonate bearing brines. China makes
                   a synthetic soda ash that requires more energy and uses a less en-
                   vironmentally-friendly process.
                     Soda ash is regulated by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
                   under the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920 (30 U.S.C. 181 et seq.),
                   under which a royalty is assessed on refined soda ash and trona.

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