S. Rept. 115-155 1 (2017-09-13)

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                                                        Calendar No. 219
                   115TH CONGRESS                                    REPORT
                     1st Session              SENATE                 115-155





                         DIESEL EMISSIONS REDUCTION ACT OF 2017



                                 SEPTEMBER 13, 2017.-Ordered to be printed


                    Mr. BARRASSO, from the Committee on Environment and Public
                                   Works, submitted the following


                                         REPORT

                                         [To accompany S. 1447]

                            [Including cost estimate of the Congressional Budget Office]
                    The Committee on Environment and Public Works, to which was
                  referred a bill (S. 1447) to reauthorize the diesel emissions reduc-
                  tion program, and for other purposes, having considered the same,
                  reports favorably thereon without amendment and recommends
                  that the bill do pass.

                               GENERAL STATEMENT AND BACKGROUND
                    Established pursuant to the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the Diesel
                  Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) is a voluntary program that
                  incentivizes vehicle, engine and equipment owners to retrofit exist-
                  ing heavy-duty diesel vehicles, engines and equipment with new
                  technology, or replace vehicles, engines and equipment through the
                  disbursal of federal and state grants and rebates. Diesel engines
                  are reliable and efficient, but older ones emit significant amounts
                  of exhaust including particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides
                  (NOx), which can harm human health. Initially a grant program,
                  the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) started awarding the
                  first DERA grants in 2008 with the purpose of reducing diesel ex-
                  haust from older engines. In January 2011, DERA was reauthor-
                  ized through fiscal year (FY) 2016 and the EPA was given the au-
                  thority to offer rebates in addition to grants pursuant to the Diesel
                  Emissions Reduction Act of 2010. EPA started the first rebate pro-
                  gram in 2012 targeting school bus replacement.
                    The DERA program is administered by EPA's National Clean
                  Diesel Campaign within the Office of Transportation and Air Qual-
                      069-010

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