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1964 C.R. Dig. [1] (1964)

handle is hein.civil/newprspc1964 and id is 1 raw text is: 







CIVIL RIGHTS DIGEST



        PUBLISHED BY THE U.S. COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS

     1701 PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, N.W.. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20425



                            SPECIAL BULLETIN-AUGUST 1964






   A SUMMARY OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT

                                        OF 1964


    This summary of the 1964 Civil Rights Act was prepared in response to questions about the Act which have
come to the Commission from citizens in every section of the country. It is designed to provide a clearer under-
standing of the major provisions of the new statute.
    Some of the questions raised about any new law cannot be fully answered until the policies and programs
necessary for carrying out the law have been developed by the appropriate Government agencies. Other ques-
tions will be further clarified as the courts deal with cases brought under the law.
    This summary was prepared by the staff of the Commission and is available for distribution as a service
under the national clearinghouse function assigned the Commission by the new Civil Rights Act.


Title I


VOTING

  The purpose of this section is to provide more effec-
tive enforcement of the right to vote in Federal elec-
tions (for President, Vice President, presidential elec-
tors or members of Congress) without regard to race
or color. It also speeds up the procedure by which
voting rights suits may be decided.
  The Act:
  a. requires that the same standards be applied to all
individuals seeking to register and vote;
  b. forbids denial of the right to vote because of
some minor mistake or omission;
  c. requires that only literacy tests that are written
may be used as a qualification for voting; and that the
tests and answers be available on request;
  d. establishes that in voting rights law suits the court


must presume that anyone who completed the sixth
grade is literate, unless the State can prove otherwise:
  In any voting suit brought by the Government charg-
ing that there is a pattern or practice of voting dis-
crimination, either the Attorney General or the
defendant may ask that a three-judge Federal court be
appointed to hear the case. Appeals from the decisions
of such a court may be taken directly to the Supreme
Court.

Title II

PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS

  Discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion
or national origin is specifically forbidden in the fol-
lowing places of public accommodation:
    a. hotels and motels, restaurants, lunch counters,
movie houses, gasoline stations, theaters and stadiums;

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