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Case Citations [1] (July 2018 through April 2019)

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                                CHAPTER 2. POSSESSORY LIENS

  § 80. Surrender of Possession by Possessory Lienor to the Bailor

  N.D.I11.2018. Subsecs. (3) and (4) and com. (d) cit. in disc. Chapter 11 debtor filed a motion to enforce
  an automatic stay against city, which had previously immobilized and impounded his vehicle based on
  his failure to pay tickets for parking and automatic red-light violations, alleging that city improperly
  retained possession of his vehicle after he filed for bankruptcy. This court granted debtor's motion,
  holding that city violated the automatic stay by refusing to return debtor's car. The court reasoned, in
  part, that city's continued retention of debtor's vehicle was not an act to continue or maintain the
  perfection of its lien that was excepted from the operation of the automatic stay. The court noted that,
  while city's interest required possession to remain perfected under Restatement of Security § 80, a
  passive retention of estate property was not an act to maintain or continue the perfection of interest in
  property. In re Peake, 588 B.R. 811, 825.

  N.D.Ill.Bkrtcy.Ct.2018. Com. (c) quot. in ftn., cit. in case cit. in ftn. Chapter 13 debtor filed a lawsuit
  against city, alleging that city withheld plaintiff s car and declared itself plaintiff s secured creditor in
  violation of plaintiff s Chapter 13 automatic stay. This court entered judgment for plaintiff, holding,
  inter alia, that defendant was prevented by the automatic stay from withholding plaintiff s vehicle. The
  court cited Restatement of Security § 80 in refuting defendant's contention that its lien on the vehicle
  could be eliminated if the vehicle was involuntarily surrendered, because a lien on property that was
  involuntarily lost remained attached, even if bona fide third parties subsequently acquired it. In re
  Shannon, 590 B.R. 467, 489.

                                    DIVISION II. SURETYSHIP


  § 146. Determination of the Relation Between Sureties

  D.Neb.2018. Cit. in case cit. in sup. After a subcontractor on a project for the construction of a
  permanent modular office building went bankrupt, surety for subcontractor sued surety for general
  contractor, alleging that it was entitled to recover under defendant's bond as assignee of sub-
  subcontractor's claims against general contractor. This court granted summary judgment for defendant,
  holding that plaintiff could not recover under defendant's bond, because plaintiff, as surety for the
  bankrupt subcontractor, was the principal surety for sub-subcontractor's claims against general
  contractor and had the primary obligation to pay such claims. The court reasoned that plaintiff s novel
  theory of recovery under defendant's bond would undermine principles of surety law as set forth in
  Restatement of Security §§ 146 and 147 and deprive general contractor and subcontractor of the

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