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48 Washburn L.J. 175 (2008-2009)
The Case for Human Ingenuity: How Adderall Has Sullied the Game

handle is hein.journals/wasbur48 and id is 177 raw text is: The Case for Human Ingenuity: How Adderall Has
Sullied the Game
James Pavisian*
Thinking is the hardest work there is, which is the probable reason why so
few engage in it.1
I. INTRODUCTION
Human innovation has moved at an incredible pace in the last cen-
tury. Instant messaging has changed how society communicates, while
new medicines have made once-deadly viruses nearly obsolete.2 Unfor-
tunately, some innovations have fallen victim to unforeseeable abuse.
One such innovation is human growth hormone (HGH).3 Scientists first
developed HGH to treat children with growth hormone deficiency.4 In
recent years, however, professional athletes have used HGH to gain
muscle mass and rapidly heal injuries.5
Traditionally, professional sports organizations have vigilantly
monitored athletes for performance-enhancing drug abuse.6 Most re-
B.A. 2006, Purdue University; J.D. Candidate 2009, Washburn University School of Law.
First and foremost, I thank Jesus Christ for blessing me with the strength, guidance, and gifts neces-
sary to write this Note. I also thank my wonderful fiancee and my family for all their support and
patience with me during the writing process; everyone that helped me in the writing process, specifi-
cally Professor Mary Ramirez, Aaron Martin, and Brent Johnston; and the Washburn Law Journal
for believing in this paper enough to publish it.
1. Henry Ford, http://www.quotedb.com/quotes/2775 (last visited Sept. 23, 2008).
2. See, e.g., Anabel Quan-Haase, Instant Messaging on Campus. Use and Integration in Uni-
versity  Students' Everyday  Communication, 24  INFO. SoC'Y 105 (2008), available at
http://www.allacademic.com//meta/p-mla-apa-researchcitation/i/7/7/1/9/pages177193/pl77193-.php;
Bonnie A. Maybury Okonek, Development of Polio Vaccines, http://www.accessexcellence.org/AE/
AEC/CC/polio.php (last visited Sept. 23, 2008).
3. The pituitary gland produces growth hormones that stimulate the growth of the muscular
and skeletal systems. Tom Fordyce, Human Growth Hormone Explained, BBC, July 27, 2003,
http://news.bbc.co.uklsport2/hi/front page/3101343.stm (last visited Sept. 23, 2008). Prior to the crea-
tion of synthetic HGH, the only method of obtaining HGH was by removing the pituitary glands
from corpses. Id.
4. Somatropin, Human Growth Hormone History, http://www.somatropin.net/hgh-history.htm
(last visited Sept. 23, 2008). Growth hormones are the primary chemicals that help people grow at a
normal rate. Patricia A. Rieser, Human Growth Deficiency, http://www. hgfound.org/pub_ growth
.html (last visited Sept. 23, 2008). Typically, doctors diagnose a child with growth hormone defi-
ciency when the pituitary gland produces little or no growth hormones. Id.
5. GEORGE J. MITCHELL, REPORT TO THE COMMISSIONER OF BASEBALL OF AN INDEPENDENT
INVESTIGATION INTO THE ILLEGAL USE OF STEROIDS AND OTHER PERFORMANCE ENHANCING
SUBSTANCES BY PLAYERS IN MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL (Dec. 13,2007), http://files.mlb. com/
mitchrpt.pdf.
6. See Sal Ruibal, Tackling Longtime Issue of Drugs No. 2 on Sports Changes Wish List, USA
TODAY, Sept. 9, 2004, http://www.usatoday.com/sports/2004-09-09-ten-changes-drugs-testing-x.htm.

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