6 Wash. U. J.L. & Pol'y 29 (2001)
Judicial Activism: The Indian Experience

handle is hein.journals/wajlp6 and id is 33 raw text is: Judicial Activism: The Indian Experience'

S.P. Sathe**
I. HISTORICAL AND THEORETICAL BACKGROUND ........................... 30
A.   Judicial Process: Nature .............................................. 31
B.   Judicial Review in the United States ............................. 37
C.   Judicial Review in India ............................................... 38
D.   Judicial Activismn fi-om 1950 to 1975 ............................ 40
II. POST-EMERGENCY ACTIVISM: FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS ............. 43
A.    The Fundamental Rights Case: Judicial Surrender ........... 43
B.   The End of Emergency and Elections ........................... 48
C.   Post-Emergency Activism: Atonement for the Past or
Self-Legitimization for the Future? ............................... 49
D.   Article 21: Life, Liberty, and Due Process of Law ..... 51
E.   Personal Liberty ........................................................... 57
F.   Procedure Established by Law ..................................... 57
G.   Original Understanding and Constitutional
Interpretation ................................................................. 59
H. Article 21 and the Right to Honest and Efficient
Governnance ................................................................. 60
I.    The Right to Equality: Article 14 .................................. 60
HI. GROWTH OF PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION: ACCESS TO AND
DEMOCRATIZATION OF THE JUDICIAL PROCESS ....................... 63
A.   Paradigm of Public Lmv Judicial Process .................... 65
B.   Prematurity ................................................................... 66
C.   Writ Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the High
Courts  ..........................................................................   67
D.   Delay: Grounds For Refusal of Judicial Review .......... 68
* This Article is a revised and abridged version of four articles of the author published
in Volume 10 and I I of the Journal ofIndian School ofPolitical Economy(1998 & 1999). The
book containing expanded versions of the original articles with additional material and chapters
is in the offing. See S.P. SATHE, JUDICIAL ACTIVISM IN INDIA: TRANSCENDING BORDERS AND
ENFORCING LImrs (OUP India, 2001).
** The author is the Honorable Director of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies,
Pune, India, and was formerly the Dean of the ILS Law College, Pune, India.

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