About | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline Law Journal Library | HeinOnline

17 U. Mich. J.L. Reform 551 (1983-1984)
The Fourth Amendment and the Control of Police Discretion

handle is hein.journals/umijlr17 and id is 561 raw text is: THE FOURTH AMENDMENT AND THE
CONTROL OF POLICE DISCRETION
by William J. Mertens*
I.    Introduction  .................................    552
A. Interest balancing v. discretion control   552
B.  Delaware  v. Prouse  .......................  553
II.   Discretion Control in the Fourth Amendment's
Background  ..................................    558
III.  Contemporary Treatment of Police Discretion ...    561
IV.   The Reasons to Regulate Police Discretion ......   564
V.    Police Discretion and Police Patrol Practices ....  567
A. Pre-Terry v. Ohio Supreme Court law .....      567
B. Antecedents to the modern stop-and-frisk     569
C. Modern police theory, the field interrogation,
and the aggressive preventive patrol . ....  569
1.  In  police  theory  ......................  569
2.  In  practice  ...........................  571
3. The Crime Commission's recommendations     573
D.  Terry  and  Sibron  .........................  574
1.  Background  ..........................    574
2.  Terry  v.  Ohio  ........................  577
3.  Sibron  v. New  York  ..................  591
VI.   Post-Terry  Elaboration  ........................  594
A. Structuring-or loosening-discretion: Brown
and  Cortez  ..............................   594
B. Confining-or expanding-discretion: the
balancing test v. probable cause .............  597
1. Dunaway v. New York ................       597
2. Michigan v. Summers .................      600
3.  Florida  v. Royer  ......................  604
4.  United  States  v. Place  .................  608
VII.  Conclusions  ..................................    614
A. Terry's unsolved problems and the later case law  614

*  Assistant Professor, University of Oklahoma College of Law. B.A., 1970 Yale University;
J.D., 1975, Georgetown University Law Center.

What Is HeinOnline?

HeinOnline is a subscription-based resource containing nearly 3,000 academic and legal journals from inception; complete coverage of government documents such as U.S. Statutes at Large, U.S. Code, Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, U.S. Reports, and much more. Documents are image-based, fully searchable PDFs with the authority of print combined with the accessibility of a user-friendly and powerful database. For more information, request a quote or trial for your organization below.



Short-term subscription options include 24 hours, 48 hours, or 1 week to HeinOnline with pricing starting as low as $29.95

Contact us for annual subscription options:

Already a HeinOnline Subscriber?

profiles profiles most