13 U. Denv. Water L. Rev. 83 (2009-2010)
Banning Felt Soles in Vermont: A Call for State Legislative Response to the Spread of Invasive Didymo

handle is hein.journals/udenwr13 and id is 85 raw text is: BANNING FELT SOLES IN VERMONT: A CALL FOR
STATE LEGISLATIVE RESPONSE TO THE SPREAD OF
INVASIVE DIDYMO
FERRELL SPENCER RYAN, III*
INTRODUCTION      ..........................................................................................   83
1. BACKGROUND     ..........................................................................................   85
II. CURRENT FEDERAL AND STATE REGULATION OF DIDYMO ......... 90
A. Federal Invasive Species Controls and the Need for
State  Regulation  .................................................................................   90
B. State-Level Invasive Species Regulation in Vermont ........... 93
III. POSSIBLE STATE REGULATORY SOLUTIONS ............................ 94
A. Bolstering Regulation Within Vermont's Established
Fram ew ork  ............................................................................................  94
B. The  New  Zealand  Experience ........................................................ 97
IV. A FELT SOLE BAN IN VERMONT ..................................................... 98
A. The Call for and Propriety of a Ban Bill ..................................... 98
B. Potential Allies and The Affirmative Pre-emptive
R esponse  of  Industry  ........................................................................... 102
C. Legislative Procedure In the Wake of the Lead
Sin k er  B an  ................................................................................................ 1 0 3
D. A  M odel Felt Sole  Ban  Provision  .................................................... 104
CO N CLU SIO N  ................................................................................................... 105
INTRODUCTION
The appearance and rapid spread of invasive aquatic plants in North
America over the past two decades have caused irreparable damage to
many of our nation's watersheds and riparian ecosystems. Aquatic
invasive species (AIS), specifically invasive aquatic plants and algae,
pose a particularly difficult problem to address with traditional legal
mechanisms since transfer is often largely unintentional.1         While
* Ferrell Spencer Ryan, Ill is a third year law student at Vermont Law School and
Managing Editor of the Vermont journal of Environmental Law. Mr. Ryan holds a
Bachelor's degree in biology from Furman University. The author wishes to thank
Professor Jack R. Tuholske for his advice and guidance during the research process. In
addition, he would like to thank his family and friends for their insight and support.
1. Sophie Riley, Invasive Alien Species and the Protection of Biodiversity: The Role of
Quarantine Laws in Resolving Inadequacies in the International Legal Regime, 17 J. ENVTL.
L. 323,330 (2005).

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