55 Stan. L. Rev. 1419 (2002-2003)
Patriotic or Unconstitutional - The Mandatory Detention of Aliens under the USA Patriot Act

handle is hein.journals/stflr55 and id is 1433 raw text is: NOTE
Patriotic or Unconstitutional?
The Mandatory Detention of Aliens
Under the USA Patriot Act
Shirin Sinnar*
IN TRO D UCTIO N  ....................................................................................................  1420
I. STATUTORY ANALYSIS: THE USA PATRIOT ACT IMMIGRATION
P RO V ISIO N S  .........................................................................................................  14 22
A.       Section 412: Mandatory Detention of Certified Aliens ................ 1424
B.       The  Effect of  Section  412  .................................................................. 1426
II. THE DUE PROCESS CLAUSE OF THE FIFTH AMENDMENT ............................... 1427
III.  PROCEDURAL   D UE  PROCESS  ........................................................................ 1429
A.       Is There a Protected Liberty Interest? .............................................. 1429
B .      W hat Process  Is  D ue? ....................................................................... 1431
1.    The procedures of USA Patriot Act section 412 ............................... 1432
2.     Supreme  Court precedent ................................................................. 1436
3.    Applying   the  M athew s test ................................................................ 1437
IV .  SUBSTANTIVE   D UE  PROCESS ........................................................................ 1441
A .      Level of   Scrutiny  ...............................................................................  1443
B.       Mandatory Detention of Criminal Aliens ......................................... 1446
C.       A Special Justification for Detention? .......................................... 1448
1.    The  case  of  terrorism   ........................................................................ 1448
2.     The  excessiveness  of  section  412 ...................................................... 1451
C O N C LU SIO N  .......................................................................................................  1454
* J.D. Candidate, Stanford Law School, 2003; M.Phil., 1999, Cambridge University;
A.B., 1998, Harvard and Radcliffe Colleges. Law clerk to the Honorable Warren J.
Ferguson, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, 2003-2004. I would like to
acknowledge my parents, Abbas and Zehra Sinnar, and my sister Shamim for their constant
love and encouragement-and my beloved husband Imran Maskatia for immeasurable
support. My warmest thanks to my adviser Tom Campbell, Matthew Stephenson, Nancy
Chang, David Cole, Monique Sherman, and the editors of the Stanford Law Review for their
insightful comments and suggestions on drafts of this Note.

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