31 Rutgers L. Rev. 655 (1978-1979)
Federal in Forma Pauperis Litigation: In Search of Judicial Standards

handle is hein.journals/rutlr31 and id is 667 raw text is: FEDERAL IN FORMA PAUPERIS LITIGATION:
IN SEARCH OF JUDICIAL STANDARDS
Robert S. Catz*
and
Thad M. Guyer**
Table of Contents
Introduction   ...................................................  655
I.  H istorical  Perspectives  .....................................  656
II. Litigation Expenses and the Litigation Process .....         659
A. Expenditure Categories ................................    659
B.  The  Litigation  Process  .................................  661
C. Financial Sources and the Cost of
Pauper  Access   ........................................  661
III. The Legal Nature of In Forma Pauperis Status:
Right versus Privilege Distinction ....................    662
IV .  Financial  Eligibility  .........................................  663
V. Liability for Repayment of Fees and Costs ..........          666
VI. Scope of Statutory Coverage      .............................  668
VII. The Denial of In Forma Pauperis Status .............          671
VIII. Appeals In Forma Pauperis ...............................     679
C onclusion  .....................................................  683
INTRODUCTION
The federal in forma pauperis statutes, 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915 and
753(f),1 authorize the federal courts to permit individuals who are
unable to pay various fees, costs, and bonds normally required of
litigants, to commence or defend civil or criminal actions in forma
pauperis. Beyond the requirement of indigency, however, the stat-
utes lack specific standards and procedures to guide the federal courts
in the evaluation of in forma pauperis petitions. This lack of statutory
guidance, coupled with the absence of clear legislative intent, has left
numerous questions concerning eligibility, scope of coverage, liability
* Professor of Law, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University.
* Staff Attorney, Memphis Area Legal Services.
1. 28 U.S.C. §§ 753, 1915 (1976).

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