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16 Regent U. L. Rev. 1 (2003-2004)
Creation, Liberation, and Property: Virtues and Values toward a Theocentric Earth Ethic

handle is hein.journals/regulr16 and id is 7 raw text is: REGENT UNIVERSITY
LAW REVIEW
Volume 16                       2003-2004                       Number 1
CREATION, LIBERATION, AND PROPERTY:
VIRTUES AND VALUES TOWARD A THEOCENTRIC EARTH
ETHIC
W. Wade Berryhill°
I. INTRODUCTION
Above all, it is critically important for us to know whether violence is
essential, lawlessness necessary-or whether there are effective
alternatives.'
- Abe Fortas
Religion continues to play a significant role in shaping our attitudes
toward nature.2 Time-honored principles of stewardship of the land
*  Professor of Law, T.C. Williams Law School, University of Richmond. B.S.,
Arkansas State University, 1967; J.D., University of Arkansas, 1972; LL.M., Columbia
University, 1976. The author wishes to express his thanks for the research grant and
support provided by the University of Richmond. The author expresses his gratitude to R.
Lee McVey II, P. Jason Cording, Kathryn Aston, William E. Spruill, Sarah A. Cox, and
Leslie Adams for their editing and research assistance.
I ABE FORTAS, CONCERNING DISSENT AND CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE 10 (1968).
And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of
the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers'
money, and overthrew the tables; And said unto them that sold doves, Take
these things hence; make not my Father's house a house of merchandise.
John 2:15-16 (King James). Although most people readily cite to Jesus Christ as the
supreme example of a peacemaker, gentle Jesus, meek and mild, Christ expressed
righteous indignation for the abomination of God's house of worship that was manifested in
a physical act of violence. See Mark 11:15-18. Since Christ was without sin, the conclusion
is inescapable: anger is not necessarily wrong, but can be an appropriate response to
certain abuses and transgressions. The question remaining, however, is when, if at all, it
would be appropriate to express that anger in violence directed against property or even
one's fellow man.
2 Power without ethics is profane and destructive in any community. HOLMES
ROLSTON III, ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS: DUTIES TO AND VALUES IN THE NATURAL WORLD xii
(1988).

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