27 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L. & Pol. 159 (1994-1995)
Population Transfer: The Effects of Settler Infusion Policies on a Host Population's Right to Self-Determination

handle is hein.journals/nyuilp27 and id is 169 raw text is: POPULATION TRANSFER: THE EFFECTS OF
Throughout history, governments have used population
transfer policies to subjugate, conquer, and colonize peoples
worldwide. These policies have assumed two primary forms
defined here as forced relocation and settler infusion.
Under the former, a government expels individuals from an
area and forces them to relocate to a different territory. This
more common form of population transfer occurs under a va-
riety of circumstances, producing vastly different effects. His-
torical examples include the United States' forced removal
and enslavement of Africans, the Nazis' mass transfer of Jews
and Gypsies into World War II concentration camps, and Sad-
dam Hussein's forced relocation of Kurds from Northern Iraq
to Southern Iraq.
Settler infusion occurs when governments systematically
transfer their own citizens into territories primarily inhabited
by a different and distinct group of individuals. This is less
commonly practiced, but its effects can be equally devastating.
Under settler infusion policies, governments usually do not re-
quire their citizens to relocate, but give them financial incen-
tives to do so. While governments tend to use forced reloca-
don policies to conquer those being transferred, settler infu-
sion policies are used to conquer and subjugate residents of
the territory receiving the new settlers. Historical examples of
settler infusion include the United States' policy of transfer-
ring citizens into territories occupied by the Native Americans,
the Ottoman emperors' practice of relocating Turkish citizens
into Ottoman-conquered lands, and the Israeli government's
current policy of transferring Jews into the Occupied Territo-
* The author would like to thank the International Commiuce of Law-
yers for Tibet for providing many of the materials cited in this note.

Imaged with the Permission of N.Y.U. Journal of International Law and Politics

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