22 N.Y.U. L. Q. Rev. 445 (1947)
Making the Judicial Machinery Function Efficiently

handle is hein.journals/nylr22 and id is 447 raw text is: MAKING THE JUDICIAL MACHINERY
Tim work of the courts depends, essentially, on proper quali-
fications on the part of those who perform it: judges, jurors, and
other officers, who, together, make up the personnel of the courts.
Yet even good judges, good jurors, and good clerks may fall short
of the best results unless some attention is paid to system. Par-
ticularly a judge, absorbed in the consideration of the cases that
come before him, may tAke little note of what goes on under the
authority of the court outside of his presence: what, for instance,
is the procedure in the selection of jurors, or how the calendars and
the order of cases are arranged. Even the best of judges will work
better if he is given appropriate facilities in the way of quarters
and law books, and is provided with the kind of legal and clerical
assistance which the better practicing lawyers take for granted.
Effective methods of arriving at the issues in legal controversies
will help both him and the lawyers who appear before him. Plan-
ning in the distribution of cases among judges and the assignment
of judges from one judicial district to another to meet temporary
strains and equalize the work load enable the courts as a whole to
operate to the best advantage. Considerations of this nature war-
rant planning in the work of the courts.
A committee on judicial administration, of which Honorable
Edward R. Finch, now retired, then a judge of the Court of Ap-
peals for the State of New York, was chairman, reporting in 1938
to the Section of Judicial Administration of the American Bar As-
sociation, proposed definite means of increasing what it termed the
efficiency of the judicial machinery. I shall refer to three of these:
namely, vesting the power to make rules of court in the courts
themselves; creating judicial councils in the various states to give
continuous attention to the improvement of the judicial procedure;
and providing for adequate judicial statistics. A fourth method to
be considered is the establishment of an administrative office in
court systems.
In, the trial of cases, as in all other activities, rules are neces-
HENRY P. CHANDLER is Director of the Administrative office of the United States

Imaged with the Permission of N.Y.U. Law Review

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