2008 Mich. St. L. Rev. 1151 (2008)
Installing Footbaths at the University of Michigan-Dearborn: Is the University Preventing Slip and Fall or Falling Further Down the Establishment Clause's Slippery Slope

handle is hein.journals/mslr2008 and id is 1159 raw text is: INSTALLING FOOTBATHS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF
MICHIGAN-DEARBORN: IS THE UNIVERSITY
PREVENTING SLIP AND FALL OR FALLING
FURTHER DOWN THE ESTABLISHMENT CLAUSE'S
SLIPPERY SLOPE?
Lindsey Bosch*
2008 MICH. ST. L. REv. 1151
TABLE OF CONTENTS
IN TRO DU CTION   ......................................................................................... 1152
I. POOLING FIRST AMENDMENT PRECEDENT ........................................ 1155
A. The Free Exercise Clause: Freedom to Believe, Not Liberty to
A ct  ............................................................................................. 1 15 6
B. The Crumbling Wall of Separation between Church and State. 1159
C. Equal Access Equals Institutional Neutrality Among School
G roup s  ....................................................................................... 116 1
D. Maintaining   the  Barrier between    Church   and   State: Four
Establishm ent Clause  Tests ....................................................... 1162
1. An Historical Analysis: A Retrospective Look at this Nation's
Religious  Custom s ............................................................... 1162
2. The Coercion Test: Protecting Religious Choice ................ 1164
3. The Lemon Test: A Three-Pronged Approach to Analyzing
State  and  Religion  ............................................................... 1165
4. The Endorsement Test: Examining Effects and Protecting Non-
A dherents  ............................................................................ 1168
11. EXAMINING THE FOOTBATHS' CONTEXT: DEARBORN AND WUDU ... 1172
A. Dearborn, Michigan and its Islamic Culture .............................. 1172
B. Wudu: A Muslim's Preparation for Prayer ................................ 1174
III. APPLYING FIRST AMENDMENT PRECEDENT TO THE UNIVERSITY'S
FOOTBA  TH S ....................................................................................... 1176
A. No Burden on Muslim Students' Freedom to Believe ............... 1177
B. The University of Michigan-Dearborn's On-Campus Affirmative
Support for  Islam   ....................................................................... 1180
•   Juris Doctor Candidate 2009, Michigan State University College of Law. The
author would like to thank Professor Frank Ravitch and the Michigan State Law Review for
their assistance and helpful comments in the writing and publishing of this Article.

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