21 Minn. J. Int'l L. 145 (2012)
AquAdvantage is Not Real Advantage: European Biotechnology Regulations and the United States' September 2012 FDA Review of Genetically Modified Salmon

handle is hein.journals/mjgt21 and id is 147 raw text is: Note
AquAdvantage is Not Real Advantage:
European Biotechnology Regulations and
the United States' September 2010 FDA
Review of Genetically Modified Salmon
Katherine Wilinska*
I. INTRODUCTION
Recent years have brought an increase in public concern
over genetically modified (GM) organisms and their possible
impact on the health and safety of consumers and the
environment. GM food supporters revere the enhanced quality
and taste, increased yield, lower production costs, heightened
pest and drought resistance, and shorter production times of
transgenic foods. However, opponents fear the yet unknown
environmental, social, health, and ethical risks that these foods
bring with them.' The divided views are, to different extents,
* Katherine Wilinska holds an MA in English from A. Mickiewicz University
in Poland and is expected to graduate with a JD from the University of
Minnesota Law School in December 2011. She has spent her last semester of
law school studying European Union law at the Bocconi University in Milan,
Italy. In the past she has worked as a manager for an international business
and as a Polish interpreter. Her areas of research include corporate law,
antitrust law, biotechnology regulation, and international business and trade
law with a special focus on cross-comparison of United States and European
Union law.
1. See MARK A. POLLACK & GREGORY C. SHAFFER, WHEN COOPERATION
FAILS: THE INTERNATIONAL LAW AND POLITICS OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED
FOODS 34-38 (2009) (listing such positives to GM organisms' development as
the prevention of hunger in developing countries, the clean-up of toxic spills,
and the elimination of toxic chemicals from crop production; whereas some
negatives include the impairment of biodiversity, irreversible changes to the
natural food chain, the triggering of allergenic reactions, and even a monopoly
of modified products concentrated in a few corporate hands); Simonetta Zarilli,
International Trade in GMOs and GM Products: National and Multilateral
Legal Frameworks, at 1-2, UNCTAD/ITCD/TAB/30, U.N. Sales No.
E.04.II.D.41 (2005) (contrasting the benefits of GM foods in resolving issues
such as the nutritional needs of the world's growing population and the
efficient use of agrarian space with possible negative impacts on human

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