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12 J. Tech. L. & Pol'y 395 (2007)
Copyright Orphan Works: A Multi-Pronged Solution to Solve a Harmful Market Inefficiency

handle is hein.journals/jtlp12 and id is 399 raw text is: COPYRIGHT ORPHAN WORKS: A MULTI-PRONGED
SOLUTION TO SOLVE A HARMFUL
MARKET INEFFICIENCY*
Joshua 0. Mausner**
1.   INTRODUCTION  ..................................... 396
II.  NATURE OF THE ORPHAN WORKS PROBLEM .............. 398
A. The Orphan Works Problem Generally ............... 398
B. The Problem of Missing Markets .................... 399
C. Types of Copyrighted Works Affected  .............. 400
D. Requirements of a Viable Solution .................. 401
III.  ANALYSIS OF POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS ..................... 402
A. Determining Orphanhood  ......................... 402
1. Reintroduction of Copyright Formalities ........... 402
2. Reasonable Efforts Requirement ................. 403
B. Treatment of Orphan Works  ....................... 406
1. Loss of Copyright Protection Itself ................ 406
2.  Limited  Remedies ............................. 408
a. Fair Use Affirmative Defense ................. 408
b.  Default Licenses  ........................... 410
C. Copyright Registries  ............................. 412
1.  Intent to  Use Registry  .......................... 413
2. Mandatory Owner Registry  ..................... 413
3. Voluntary Owner Registry  ...................... 415
IV.  PROPOSAL: A MULTI-PRONGED SOLUTION ............... 416
A. Reasonable Efforts Requirement .................... 417
B. Voluntary  Owner Registry  ......................... 417
1. Benefits of a Voluntary Owner Registry ........... 418
a. Benefits to the Orphan Works Situation  ........ 418
b. Additional Benefits Beyond the Orphan
W orks Situation  ............................ 419
* First Prize Winner, 2007 Nathan Burkan Memorial Competition (UCLA School of Law).
** Senior Editor, UCLA Law Review; J.D. Candidate, UCLA School of Law, 2008; B.A.,
University of California, Berkeley, 2003. Sincere thanks to Professor David Nimmer and Jeffrey
Mausner for their helpful comments, Professor Eugene Volokh for his advice, and Janet Mausner,
Jillian Gordon, my family, friends, and classmates for their support.

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