9 J.L. & Pol. 9 (1992-1993)
Budget Process Issues for 1993

handle is hein.journals/jlp9 and id is 19 raw text is: Budget Process Issues for 1993
by William   G. Dauster*
Many participants in the federal budget process perpetually
pursue the perfect budget process: one that will guide the
Government, as railroad tracks guide a locomotive, to the perfect
budget. Unfortunately, most of this effort is wasted.            As former
Congressional Budget Office Director Rudolph Penner has stated,
The problem is not the process, the problem is the problem.1
Good reasons exist for Congress and the President to address
both the problem and the process. The first section of this article
discusses these motivations for addressing the budget early in 1993.
As Caesar did to Gaul,2 the Budget Enforcement Act of 19903
divided the budget process into three parts: overall deficit tar-
gets,4 annually appropriated spending,5 and direct-spending and
receipts legislation.6 Each part will raise budget process issues for
1993.7 This article next addresses these three aspects of the budget
* Chief Counsel, Committee on the Budget, United States Senate. B.A. University of
Southern California, 1978; M.A. University of Southern California, 1981; J.D. Columbia
University, 1984. The views expressed here do not necessarily represent those of the
Committee on the Budget
1 The Problem Is the Problem, Wash. Post,july 18, 1984, atA14.
2 C. luli Caesaris [G.Julius Caesar], De Bello Gallico [The Gallic War] 1 (T. Rice Holmes
ed., Arno Press 1979) (Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres or All Gaul is divided into
three parts).
3 Pub. L. No. 101-508, tit. XIII, 104 Stat. 1388, 1388-573 (codified as amended in scattered
sections of 2 U.S.C. and in 15 U.S.C. § 1022 (Supp. I 1990)).
4 See Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Decontrol Act of 1985, § 253, Pub. L. No.
99-177, 99 Stat. 1038 (codified as 2 U.S.C. § 903 (Supp. 111990)).
5 See id. § 251; 2 U.S.C. §901 (Supp. 111990).
6 See id. § 252; 2 U.S.C. § 902 (Supp. 111990).
7 Director Darman listed the following agenda for the next budget summit:
Mr. J. Alex] McMillan:... We are enacting legislation with respect to ... a 5-year agree-
ment ... [with] 3 years of discretionary and domestic caps. Would you care to outline
your thoughts on what you think we should do with respect to extending this basic agree-

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