74 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 661 (1983)
Comparative Review of Death Sentences: An Empirical Study of the Georgia Experience

handle is hein.journals/jclc74 and id is 675 raw text is: 0091-4169/83/7403-661
THE JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW & CRIMINOLOGY                           Vol. 74, No. 3
Copyright 0 1983 by Northwestern University School of Law          Palfted in USA.
COMPARATIVE REVIEW OF DEATH
SENTENCES: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY
OF THE GEORGIA EXPERIENCE*
DAVID C. BALDUS**
CHARLES PULASKI***
GEORGE WOODWORTH****
I.  INTRODUCTION ...........................................             663
A.   THE CONCEPTS OF DISPROPORTIONALITY AND COM-
PARATIVE EXCESSIVENESS ............................            665
B.   DIFFERING APPROACHES TO THE APPELLATE REVIEW
OF DEATH SENTENCES ................................             668
C.   METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES IN COMPARATIVE SEN-
TENCE REIVEW .......................................            670
D.   WHY STUDY GEORGIA? ...............................              672
* Funding for this research was provided by the National Institute of Justice (Grant 80-
IJ-CX-0035), the Iowa Law School Foundation, the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, the
Center for Interdisciplinary Legal Studies, College of Law, Syracuse University, University of
Iowa Graduate College, and Arizona State University College of Law.
We are grateful for the assistance provided by the staffs of the Georgia Department of
Offender Rehabilitation and the Board and staff at the Georgia Department of Pardons and
Paroles. We are particularly grateful for the assistance of Dr. Timothy Carr and Marsha
Chalker Hopkins at the Department of Offender Rehabilitation and of Donnie Lee and
Susan Aiken at the Board of Pardons and Paroles. We are also indebted to the staff of the
Georgia Supreme Court, especially Joline B. Williams, the Clerk of the Court; the staff of the
Georgia Department of Archives and History (which archives retired Georgia Supreme Court
records); and the staff of the Department of Human Resources, especially William McWade,
Michael R. Lavoie and Gilmer Chatham of the Vital Records Unit. We also want to
acknowledge the valuable research assistance of law students at the University of Iowa and
Syracuse University, particularly the contribution of Robert Rasmussen and Orry Korb.
This study would not have been possible without the assistance and support of all these
people.
** Professor of Law, University of Iowa College of Law. LL.M. Yale University, 1969;
LL.B. Yale University, 1964; M.A. University of Pittsburgh, 1962; A.B. Dartmouth College,
1957.
*** Professor of Law, Arizona State University College of Law. LL.B. Yale University,
1967; B.A. Yale University, 1964.
**** Associate Professor of Statistics, University of Iowa. Ph.D. University of Minnesota,
1966; B.A. Carleton College, 1962.

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